Al-Irfan : Journal of Arabic Literature and Islamic Studies http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani <p>Al-Irfan is a journal of Arabic Literature and Islamic Studies which is published Biannually on March and September by Arabic Literature Department, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Darul Ulum Banyuanyar, Pamekasan. The journal&nbsp;covers language issues researched in the branches of applied linguistics, such as sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, pragmatics, stylistics, corpus linguistics, translation and others. In the area of literature, it covers literary history, literary theory, literary criticism and others, which may include written texts, movies and other media. And this journal also contains many varians of Isamic Studies, among others: Islamic education, the shari’ah, Islamic thought, economics, and other Islamic Studies.</p> Arabic Literature Department STIBA DUBA PAMEKASAN en-US Al-Irfan : Journal of Arabic Literature and Islamic Studies 2622-9897 Reflections on Ibn Jinni's Thought: Analysis of Words and Meanings in Arabic Semantics http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5491 <p>Here is no doubt that Ibn Jinni is one of the popular Arab linguistic figures. From various references, it is said that Ibn Jinni is an expert in the science of nahwu (Syntax). One of the monumental works that he gave birth to is <em>Al-Khashais</em>. Moreover, several other works support Ibn Jinni's linguistic thinking. One of the interesting studies to explore is <em>word</em> and <em>meaning</em>, which are in the scope of the macro language and cannot be separated from Arabic linguistic studies. Besides the relationship between <em>words</em> and <em>meaning</em>, according to Ibn Jinni, the two elements of language were developed as a means of communication, both spoken and written. Therefore, the study of <em>words</em> and its meaning needs to be understood from all aspects of language and the socio-cultural context in general. <em>words</em> and <em>meaning</em> are the subjects of multi-perspective linguistic research giving rise to linguistic studies. Linguistic reflection on lafazh and its meaning is important as a theoretical basis for understanding Arabic texts and for the development of learning Dalalah for Arab scholars or scholars.</p> Abdul Muid Mabrurrosi Mabrurrosi Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Irfan : Journal of Arabic Literature and Islamic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-03-12 2022-03-12 5 1 1 16 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5491 The Images of Heroism in The Poetry of Ka’ab bin Malik and Mustofa Bisri http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/4976 <p><em>Ka'ab bin Malik is considered one of the greatest poets of the Messenger of God, and witnessed various battles with the Messenger of God On the other hand, Mustafa Bisri is an Indonesian writer who deserved recognition for his activities in the field of Indonesian literature. This study deals with a comparison of Arabic poetry and Indonesian poetry between Kaab bin Malik and Mustafa Bisri. The study aims to reveal aspect of agreements and differences in potraying heroism between them. This study follows three approaches: the qualitative approach by describing the lives of the two poets and the analytical approach by studying the concept and tracing poems about the heroism between Kaab bin Malik and Mustafa Bisri. And the comparative approach to present a comparison of the images of heroism between the two writers. For the results of the study: The two poets agreed in the heroism that they are people of courage, although they expressed heroism in ways and methods that differ from each other, but the scope of courage is connected to the listeners and readers. In addition, the opinions of the two poets differed about the depiction of heroism in their poems. The researcher presents the heroism of Ka’ab bin Malik with three images: leadership, martyrdom, and jihad. Mustafa portrayed heroism in his poetry, five images: determination, fragrant flowers, patriotism, courage, and the best generation.</em></p> Ibnu Hudzaifah Hamka Nursafira Lubis Safian Copyright (c) 2022 Ibnu Hudzaifah Hamka, Nursafira Lubis Safian https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-13 2022-03-13 5 1 17 33 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.4976 Al-Balāghah ‘inda Al-Zamakhsyarî http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5460 <p><em>Zamakhshari's effort is limited to the practical aspect, and highlights the role of the science of eloquence in preparing the interpreter of the Book of God, and whether Zamakhshari added new to the rhetorical standards, and models of his interpretation showing his use of rhetorical rules in understanding the Book of God. This research is a desk research. The data obtained is processed by content analysis techniques. As for the results of the research, Zamakhshari is the pillar sought by the science of interpretation; Because it is his goal and purpose, just as the science of rhetoric that Zamakhshari employed in revealing the miracle of the Qur’an is closely related to the science of semantics. Zamakhshari tries to interpret the Qur’an by organizing the vocabulary of the material into a meaning that brings it together in a single structure within a single context. He draws attention to the effect of speech systems on the meaning, so he looks at the Qur’an with the look of the verified examiner, and accordingly, the meaning is interpreted and interpreted. It provokes a dialogue in one aspect, paving the way for another dialogue to move to another verse, and he thus follows the approach of Al-Jurjani in using dialogue to reach the desired goal. He cites poetry in his explanations, and poetry was an important aspect for him to infer the validity of his interpretations.</em></p> Khaled Yahya Abdurrahman Noza Aflisia Copyright (c) 2022 Khaled Yahya Abdurrahman, Noza Aflisia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-13 2022-03-13 5 1 34 46 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5460 Syntactic Emphasis Style on Juz 30 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5165 <p>This study aims to determine the style of taukid language from a syntactic perspective in chapter 30 of the Qur'an al-Karim. This research is a qualitative descriptive research with library research method. Data collection was carried out with documentation from primary sources, namely al-Qur'an al-Karim, and secondary sources that included discussions related to primary sources. The results showed that ushlub taukid nahwu was divided into two, namely taukid bil adat which amounted to 33, and taukid bighairi adat amounted to 101. Researchers found ushlub taukid nahwu in its use amounted to 134. As for the number of taukid bil adat in the isismiyah amounted to 24, the adat used was , , ا, لام التوكيد. While taukid bil adat in the number of fi'liyah is 9, the custom used is , النوكيد. As for the traditional bighairi taukid, namely ushlub qasm, mashdar, na'at/nature, and athaf.</p> Eka Namira Ibnu N. Hula Nurul Aini Pakaya Copyright (c) 2022 Eka Namira; Ibnu N. Hula, Nurul Aini Pakaya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-16 2022-03-16 5 1 47 66 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5165 Tahlilu al-Akhtha’ ‘an Kitabati Hamzati al-Washli wa Hamzati al-Qath’i fi Kitabi al-Nahw al-Wadih http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5509 <p><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> The Book “al_Nahw al-Wadih”, Volume Two, printed at the expense of the Bali Library Buku Surabaya. It is one of the books that students use in the education process, especially in schools and institutes. However, researchers found several errors in writing the hamzat al-wasl and hamzat al-qat’ in this particular book in the chapter </em>“<em>Taqsim al-Fi’li ila Shahih al-Akhir wa Mu’tal al-Akhir</em><em>”</em><em> This research aims to know the misspelled words and to know the writing of the correct words from the misspelled words in the writing of Hamzat al-Wasl and Hamzat al-Qata’ in that particular book in the chapter “</em><em>Taqsim al-Fi’li ila Shahih al-Akhir wa Mu’tal al-Akhir</em><em>” by Ali Al-Jarim and Mustafa Amin. In this research, the researchers used the qualitative descriptive approach, and the approach to research is desk research. The adjective in this research is descriptive and analytical. Then the two data sources used are</em> <em>primary data sources and secondary data sources. The method of data collection is the documentation method. The researchers used the method of content analysis based on the Ellis theory. It is the collection of erroneous words, identification of erroneous words, clarifying the erroneous words and matching them with correct grammar, detailing the erroneous words, and evaluating the erroneous words. The results in this research are that errors were found in writing the hamzat al-wasl with one word, and in writing the hamzat al-qat'a with 15 syllables. The correct writing in the writing of the hamzat al-wasl is written without the hamza in its alif (A), and in writing the hamzat al-qat’ it is written with the hamza in its alif</em></p> Dewi Nurhayati Dzuriyati Afifah Moh. Wardi Copyright (c) 2022 Dewi Nurhayati, Dzuriyati Afifah, Moh. Wardi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 5 1 67 82 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5509 Cosmolinguistics of the Qur'an in Surah Yunus http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5218 <p><em>Bahasa Arab merupakan bahasa yang unik memiliki kosakata yang sangat kaya, maka sangat relevan sekali Allah menciptakan Al-Qur’an dengan menggunakan bahasa Arab sehingga Al-Qur’an memiliki keindahan baik dari keindahan lafadznya (Muhasinaat al-lafdziyah), dan keindahan maknanya (Muhasinaat al-maknawiyah). Tentunya penggunaan kalimat dalam Al-Qur’an mempunyai gaya bahasa indah dan disesusaikan dengan fakta dan realita yang sebenarnya. Kosmolinguistik al-Qur’an merupakan kajian bahasa terhadap penjelasan al-Qur’an terhadap kosmos dari sudut pandang stilistika untuk melihat keindahan gaya bahasa baik dari sisi morfologi serta sintaksis. Keindahan gaya bahasa dari sisi morfologi ialah pada penggunaan kalimat </em><em>السماوات</em><em> (langit) menggunakan kalimat jama’(banyak), sementara kalimat </em><em>الارض</em><em> cenderung menggunakan mufrod (tunggal). Keindahan </em><em>pada sintaksis meliputi bentuk jumlah fi’liyah (kalimat verbal), jumlah ismiyah (kaliamat nominal) dan sibhuljumlah (semi susunan).</em></p> Mustaqim Mustaqim Copyright (c) 2022 Mustaqim Mustaqim https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 5 1 83 97 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5218 Aliran Romantisme dalam Kesusastraan Arab http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5454 <p><em>This article aims to discuss the Romanticism that developed rapidly in Arabic literature. This study used descriptive qualitative method. The research technique used is the listening and note-taking technique. The problems raised in this research are: 1) What is the History of Romanticism in Arabic Literature; 2) How was the influence of Romanticism in Arabic Literature; 3) Who are the figures of the Arab Romanticism and their works. The results obtained are 1) The history of Romanticism in Arabic literature was influenced by the west when Napoleon set foot on Arab lands and also as a critique of the Classical School. 2) The influence of Romanticism in Arabic Literature, namely the emergence of several literary groups associations and also the renewal of magazines and newspapers in the Arab world. 3) One of the figures of Arab Romanticism, namely Khalil Mutran, Khalil Gibran and Ahmad Zaki Abu Syadi</em></p> Dyah Adila Perdana Tatik Mariyatut Tasnimah Copyright (c) 2022 Dyah Adila Perdana, Tatik Mariyatut Tasnimah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 5 1 98 117 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5454 Suggestopedia dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/madura/index.php/alirfani/article/view/5169 <p>There are four language skills, such as listening, reading, speaking, and writing. These skills are from the goal of universal Arabic education that must be learned, so that all students can master it. Reading skills require serious attention because reading skills cannot be obtained automatically, but must be studied and practiced. However, there are many aspects that cause difficulties for students in the learning process. One of the reasons is that there are various kinds of student personalities in the classroom that make teachers must be smart in choosing methods. One of the appropriate strategies as an effort to handle the case is to use the "suggestopedia method". To train students' reading skills, they need a suitable method, the existence of Arabic learning, using the suggestopedia method can focus students to practice reading Arabic text readings. There is in the classroom without the emergence of a sense of guilt and feelings of inadequacy. This study aims to describe the efforts to implement the suggestopedia method in learning to read maharah in Arabic. This research uses a qualitative approach, with a case study method, information is collected through observation and documentation. Information analysis in this study uses the theory of "Miles and Huberman". The results of the research show that the implementation of the suggestopedia method can improve reading skills in Arabic language education for seventh grade students of MTSN 4 Jember. The students experienced an increase in the activeness, confidence, and enthusiasm of the students, especially in reading skills. The improvement in question, namely the improvement of the process and student learning outcomes, which can be seen from the learning process of the first meeting and the second meeting. According to the results of the previous study, the researcher suggested the teachers to use the suggestopedia method as an alternative for teaching other materials.</p> Siti Nurfadhilah Sa'idatul Abidah Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Nurfadhilah, Sa'idatul Abidah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 5 1 118 146 10.36835/alirfan.v5i1.5169