Urgensi Pengelolaan Zakat dalam Mengentaskan Kemiskinan

  • Luthfi Raziq
Keywords: Urgency, Zakat, Poverty


The business sector of the agricultural sector has experienced very significant developments, so it is not only limited to food agriculture, but also the business sector of the non-food sector. Except that, in the era of industry and information, economic activity also experienced a shift in the information sector activities, making various professions very diverse and becoming a very promising source of income. This paper intends to reveal the legal status of agricultural zakat oriented to non-food agricultural zakat and the legal status of professional zakat. Using a historical approach, this study concludes that non-food agricultural zakat, for Imam Shafi'i and Imam Malik, states that it is not compulsory for zakat, whereas some Maliki scholars argue that the obligatory zakat is for non-cash crops if it is intended to be traded. While related to professional zakat, the ulama agreed that their legal status must be issued to people whose income has reached one threshold because their income is classified as al-mal al-mustafid. Thus, the implications of the legal status of non-food agricultural zakat and professional zakat should be used as a source of funds that can be utilized for the welfare of the community, especially to alleviate the community from poverty and eliminate the social gap. Therefore, it is necessary to manage zakat in a professional manner that is responsible for the community and the government.