QALAMUNA - Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Agama <p>Qalamuna -&nbsp;Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Agama IAI Sunan Giri Ponorogo</p> Lembaga Penerbitan dan Publikasi Ilmiah Program Pascasarjana IAI Sunan Giri Ponorogo en-US QALAMUNA - Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Agama 1907-6355 Islamisasi Ilmu Pengetahuan (Upaya Mengurai Dikotomi Ilmu Pengetahuan dalam Islam) <p>The idea of Islamization of science is as a phenomenon of modernity, this idea appears to respond to the development of modern knowledge in the dominance of non-Islamic western civilization.</p> <p>&nbsp;The dominance of secular civilization became the dominant factor of the decline of the Islamic ummah, whereas in the early history of its development the Muslims were able to prove themselves as a camp of civilization and science growth.</p> <p>&nbsp;The advancement of science in the world of Islam continues to fade along with the decline of Islamic political power, the rapid progress of the west indirectly have positive implications for the Islamic world.</p> <p>&nbsp;Departing from the awareness of Islam is experiencing new dynamics through reorientation and transformation of its teachings. Islamic thinkers make a breakthrough by integrating between the general sciences and the religious sciences that we are familiar with the Islamization of science.</p> <p>&nbsp;The Islamization of science is done by Islamizing the whole discipline with the very essence of Islam (belief / monotheism) and not adopting just the science of the west that is secular materialistic and empirical nature.</p> Fitri Wahyuni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 1 12 Modifikasi Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP) Menghapal Hadist di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah <p><em>Research to study the development of learning planning conducted by teachers in hadith study in madrasah. All teachers are required to have a learning plan that serves as a teaching guideline to achieve the specified target. The Learning Implementation Planning that has been planned by the teacher is a format that has been determined by the center so that teachers follow the preparation of The Learning Implementation Planning. This article discusses the development of The Learning Implementation Planning preparation by teachers as a guidance for teaching memorizing of hadiths in religious schools. The discussion is conducted on the learning process activities that allocate the right time in each stage of the activity from the introduction, core and closing. The results obtained in the research is the format of RPP in learning memorizing the hadith in religious schools. The new format becomes more structured guidance with clear time allocations according to the time set. The time set leads the learning process sequence in accordance with the activities undertaken by students and teachers in memorize of hadith. This can make it easier for the teacher to invite the students to memorize the hadith because the word arranged in order is used to match the time of the memorization, the students’ activities when memorizing and the teacher’s activities when directing the memorization process.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Keyword </em></strong>: <em>Memorizing</em>, <em>The Learning Implementation Planning, religious schools</em></p> Nurul Malikah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 13 27 Penerapan Model Induktif Berbantuan Media Wayang Suket pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar <p><em>The purpose of this study is to analyze the application of inductive learning models assisted by wayang suket (mikayet) media to improve learning motivation in fourth grade students of SD N 03 Palur, Sukoharjo.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study uses experimental research. The research design used was pretest-posttest control group design. The experimental group is class IV b using an inductive model assisted by wayang suket media, while the control group is class IV a using the lecture and question and answer method without learning media. Data collection techniques using questionnaires and documentation. Data analysis techniques use hypothesis testing.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that the application of assisted inductive learning models in wayang suket (mikayet) media could increase learning motivation in fourth grade students of SD N 03 Palur, Sukoharjo. This can be seen in the difference in scores of students' learning motivation significantly in the experimental class compared to the control class. Based on the post-test t test, it is known that the average learning motivation of the experimental class is 20.00 and the average of the control class learning motivation is 18.18, so it can be concluded that the average experimental class learning motivation is 1.88 greater than control class.</em></p> Meidawati Suswandari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 29 36 Implementasi Metode Inquiry dan Hypnosis Perspektif Pendidikan Islam Klasik (Studi Kasus di Sekolah Menengah Atas Immersion Ponorogo) <p><em>This research aims to identify the advantages and deficiencies of inquiry and hypnosis methods as learning method in National Immersion Senior High School, Ponorogo based on classical Islamic education’s perspective. This research uses qualitative approach with data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The result of this research shows that inquiry method has many advantages in the aspects of cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Inquiry method similar with discussion and rihlah method in perspective of classical Islamic education. Whereas hypnosis method is only effective in the cognitive aspect because of this method student able to understand the learning materials fastly which is explained by teacher. Through hypnosis method the situation of the class is more conducive and quiter. However, hypnosis method was unknown in the concept of classical Islamic education. But, the implementation of hypnosis method is not contradictory with the concept of classical Islamic education because it is applied to optimize the student’s understanding on the learning materials and there is no magical element in it.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Inquiry, Hypnosis, Classical Islamic Education</em></p> Yusmicha Ulya Afif ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 39 67 Kompetensi Pengawas PAI dan Efektivitas Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dalam Mengembangkan Profesionalisme Guru Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kabupaten Ponorogo <p>Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial variabel-variabel bebas (kompetensi Pengawas PAI dan efektivitas kepemimpinan kepala madrasah) terhadap variabel terikat (profesionalisme guru) MTs di Kabupaten Ponorogo, dengan analisis Fenomenologi.</p> <p>Data yang memberikan gambaran kompetensi Pengawas PAI yaitu mayoritas responden menyatakan bahwa kompetensi Pengawas PAI di Kabupaten Ponorogo dinilai kompeten (angkanya 50%), sedangkan responden yang menyatakan efektivitas kepemimpinan kepala madrasah di MTs Kabupaten Ponorogo tidak efektif dan efektif (angkanya diatas 50 % ), tetapi tidak sedikit yang menyatakan bahwa efektivitas kepemimpinan kepala madrasah sangat tidak efektif, sedangkan untuk profesionalisme guru yaitu responden yang menyatakan profesionalisme guru sangat tidak baik sebanyak 13 responden, yang menyatakan tidak baik sebanyak 10 responden, yang menyatakan kurang baik 8 reponden, yang menyatakan baik 7 responden, dan yang menyatakan sangat baik sebanyak 6 responden. Data tersebut memberikan gambaran bahwa profesionalisme guru di MTs Kabupaten Ponorogo dinilai masih kurang profesional.</p> Muhamad Asvin Abdur Rohman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 69 88 Istihsan sebagai Sumber dan Metode Hukum Islam <p><em>Istihsan </em>is the legal settlement of a mujtahid against a problem that deviates from the provisions of the law applied to similar problems, because there is a stronger reason for doing such a deviation or a fair deed to a legal problem by looking at other laws, because the existence of something stronger with the existence of justice. <em>Istihsan</em> is defined as the source and method of Islamic law, since it is established on the basis of research into cases and laws that it appears that the use of <em>qiyas</em> is the application of the general proposition (<em>kulli</em>) to the particular proposition (<em>juz’i</em>) which is sometimes in some the cases lead to the loss of human merit, because these cases have their own specificities as well as <em>istihsan</em> set based on research on syara texts’ which shows that Allah the Wise move from some cases that can be used <em>qiyas</em> or generally nash to the law others who give generosity and reject conscience, such as Allah forbid carrion, blood, pork, and what is slaughtered in the name of Allah. Therefore, the scholars (who accept <em>istihsan</em>) agree that the source of law used as legal propositions and make it as the basis of <em>Istihsan’s </em>law is the Qur’an and as-Sunnah. While the various<em> istihsan </em>namely the transfer of the law from <em>qiyaszhahir</em> to <em>qiyaskhafi</em>, the transfer of laws defined by the common nash to a special nash, and the shift law <em>kulli</em> law <em>juz’i</em>. The refutation of Imam Syafi’i against<em> istihsan</em>, among others, Prophet Muhammad SAW never gives instructions by using <em>istihsan</em> as well as send a friend gives instructions with it, <em>istihsan</em> is not have clear limits / standard criteria to distinguish between <em>haq</em> and <em>bathil</em>, and <em>istihsan</em> is not referring to <em>nash</em>, but it refers to reason alone.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Istihsan</em>, Source, Method, Islamic Law</p> Kadenun Kadenun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 89 105 Pendidikan Orang Dewasa (Andragogy) <p>The purpose of writing this article are: 1) Understanding the understanding and concepts of science underlying adult learning; 2) Knowing the history and development of andragogy; 3) Understanding the implementation of adult education (Andragogy) which includes adult learning needs, adult education principles, adult learning conditions, the effect of decreased adult physical factors, adult education methods, the implications for adult learning, and the advantages. By using the theory of andragogy of adult learning activities or activities within the framework of development or realization of the achievement of lifelong educational ideals can be obtained with the support of theoretical concepts or the use of technology that can be justified. the disadvantage is that how can a student who is not very knowledgeable about the extent of knowledge and then freed choose what they like? As if the Andragogy system was just as a system that only encouraged its students and forgot for what purpose it really was. Andragogy helps others to grow and mature. In Andragogy, the involvement of adults in the learning process is much greater, because from the beginning must be held a diagnosis of needs, formulate goals, and evaluate learning outcomes and implement them together.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Adult Education</p> JAUHAN BUDIWAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 107 135 Stereotipe, Prasangka dan Resistensinya (Studi Kasus pada Etnis Madura dan Tionghoa di Indonesia) <p><em>Stereotip dan prasangka adalah akar berbagai bentuk dehumanisasi dalam kehidupan manusia. Dan di Indonesia, stereotip dan prasangka banyak mewarnai relasi dalam kehidupan antar etnik di Indonesia. Tulisan ini berupaya membahas tentang: 1)Bagaimana stereotip dan prasangka (prejudice) muncul dari komunitas mayoritas terhadap komunitas minoritas? 2) bagaimana stereotip, prasangka yang berakhir dengan tindak kekerasan etnis mayoritas terhadap dua etnis minoritas yakni Tionghoa dan Madura? 3)bagaimana bentuk resistensi etnis Tionghoa dan Madura terhadap stereotip yang meraka alami?</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata Kunci</strong>: Stereotip, Prasangka, Etnik Tionghoa dan Madura</p> Murdianto Murdianto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 10 2 137 160 Islam Modern Era Abad 21 <p><em>The decline of Islamic civilization resulted in poverty, ignorance</em> <em>and backwardness suffered by the Muslim community of Western nations. Various awareness emerged in response to it. Whether in the form of systematic movement and individual enlightenment. Both are geared towards efforts to advance the Muslim community in responding to changing times that have never previously predicted. It runs with an initial understanding that Islam is not just a static doctrine, but also became an inspiration for the progress of civilization. In this level, interpreted as a doctrine of Islam that is dynamic, so that according to modern times though. At certain levels, Islam is also interpreted as a “tool” to solve the various problems faced by modern man.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>Modernization, Western Colonialism, Revival Response, Islamic</em> <em>Doctrine Interpretation</em>.</p> Samsudin Samsudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 10 2 161 174 Pemberdayaan Taman Pendidikan Al-Quran (TPQ) melalui Penguatan SDM di Masjid Nurul Fikri Watu Bonang, Badegan, Ponorogo <p><em>Program Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Bagi Dosen melalui Program Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Berbasis Masjid (PMTI) Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Ponorogo merupakan salah satu wujud nyata upaya pembangunan masyarakat Islam, khususnya di bidang pengabdian kepada masyarakat pada level pendidikan tinggi Islam. Pemilihan pengabdian berbasis masjid di TPQ Nurul Fata Krajan Watubonang, Ba</em><em>degan, Ponorogo sebagai mitra pengabdian secara lebih khusus adalah sebagai upaya mewujudkan TPQ Nurul Fata Masjid Nurul Fikri Watubonang, Ponorogo sebagai pusat sosial keagamaan yang integratif. Pengelolaan yang integratif dilakukan dalam TPQ bertujuan untuk mengembangkan dan memajukan pendidikan agama melalui TPQ. Selain itu, sebagai upaya meningkatkan manfaat ilmu pengetahuan dalam kegiatan produktif dan peningkatan mutu kehidupan masyarakat serta untuk meluaskan wawasan dan pengalaman perguruan tinggi mengenai keperluan dan masalah nyata yang dihadapi masyarakat. Dalam pengabdian ini untuk mengembangkan peradaban dan generasi Qurani maka masjid harus dijadikan wadah pendidikan integratif. Cara integratif yang dapat ditempuh dalam pemberdayaan penguatan pengelolaan TPQ Masjid menggunakan pendekatan Asset Based Communit</em><em>y Development (ABCD).&nbsp; Pendekatan ABCD merupakan sebuah pendekatan dalam pengembangan masyarakat yang berada dalam aliran besar mengupayakan terwujudkan sebuah tatanan kehidupan sosial dimana masyarakat menjadi pelaku dan penentu upaya pembangunan di lingkungannya atau yang seringkali disebut dengan Community-Driven Development (CDD). Kegiatan Pengabdian ini&nbsp; menghasilkan beberapa kesimpulan pokok, yaitu: Pertama, Program pengabdian masyarakat berbasis masjid ini sebagai upaya penguatan kapasitas Ustad/ustadzah TPQ agar berorientasi TPQ integratif. Kedua, Tumbuhnya semangat belajar mengaji yang tinggi dari anak-anak maupun orangtua. Ketiga, Bertambahnya pengetahuan masyarakat tentang metode mengaji An-Nahdiyah yang baik dan benar. Sementara, rekomendasi yang dapat penulis berikan, kegiatan ini harus terus diprogramkan secara berkelanjutan. Hal ini agar terjaga mutu pengabdian dan dalam rangka mewujudkan transformasi sosial umat melalui penguatan komunitas-komunitas berbasis Masjid di kabupaten Ponorogo, khususnya dan Indonesia pada umumnya.</em></p> Kayyis Fithri Ajhuri Moch. Saichu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 10 2 175 195