TELAAH POLIGINI: PERSPEKTIF ULAMA POPULER DUNIA (Dari Ulama Klasik Hingga Ulama Kontemporer)

  • Fathonah Fathonah STAI AL HIKMAH TUBAN
Keywords: Poliginy, classical scholars, contemporary scholars

Abstract

Polygyny has been a debate among Islamic jurists (fuqaha') from the classic to the modern era. Even West also criticized polygyny and denounced Islam as a religion of gender bias. This paper is to analyze the long debate on this issue by some scholars the world, and emphasize what form of marriage that is actually commanded by the Quran and al-Hadith? Popular scholar opinion in the world about polygyny that have been initiated since the classical era to the contemporary era is an important scientific treasures that should be known to the public, so that the message of the polygamy verse (al-Nisa [4]: 3) can be understood with a wise and there is no prejudice against Islam. Similarly, the implementation of polygyny can be tightened, so it is not easily diverted and no impression act of despotic against women. Opinions of scholars the world here from various disciplines, from islamic jurists, exegetes (mufassirun) and linguists. From the classic to the contemporary era.

References

Abdul Qadir Awdah, Al-Tasyri` Al-Jina`iy al-Islamy Muqarinan bi Al-Qanun Al-Wadh`iy, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah. (t.th), juz 1.
Abu Lu’bah, Abdurrahim Faris, Syawa’ib al-Tafsir fi al-Qarni al-rabi’ ‘Asyara al-Hijri, (Disertasi Doktor), Beirut: Jamiah Beirut al-Islamiyah Kulliyah al-syariah li Dar al-Fatwa Lubnan Idarat al-Dirasat al-Ulya, 2005
Aisyah Abdurrahman, Tarajum sayyidaat bait Al-Nubuwwah, Kairo: Daar al-Bayaan li Al-Turaats, (t.th).
Al-Alusy, Shihabuddin. Ruuh al-Ma`aani, Daar al-Fikr, Libanon. Juz 3, 1993.
Al-Aqqad, A.M., Al-Mar’ah fi al-Qur’an al-Karim, Kairo: Dar al-Hilal, 1958.
Al-Bahuty, Kasyaaf Al-Qanna` fisyarh al-Iqna`i , Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, juz 17, 1402 H.
Al-Bukhari. Shahih Bukhari (ditahkik oleh Dr. Musthafa Deib Al-Bagha), Beirut: Dar Ibn Katsir Yamamah, cet. III, 1987.
Al-Buti, Ramadhan. Al-Mar`ah bain Tughyan Nidzam Al-Gharby wa latha`if al-Tasyri` Al-Rabbani, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, cet. I, 1996.
Al-Ghazali, Muhammad, Nahwu tafsir al-maudu’i li suwari al-Qur’an. Kairo: Dar al-Shuruq, 1992.
Al-Hatimy, S.A., Women in Islam: a Comparative study. Lahore-Pakistan: Isamic Publications Ltd., 1993.
Al-Kasyani, Bada`i` al-Shana`i`, Beirut: Dar Al-Kitab Al-`Arabi, 1982, cet. II, juz 2
Al-Maqdisi, Ibn Quddaamah, Al-Mughni terbit bersama Sharh al-Kabiir, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, cet. I, juz 7, 1405 H/1984,
Al-Nawawy, Abu Zakaria, al-Majmu` syarh kitab Al-Muhadzab, Jeddah: Maktabah Al-Irsyad, juz 16, 1980.
36
AL HIKMAH Jurnal Studi Keislaman, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2015
Al-Qardawi, Yusuf, Malamih al-Mujtama’ al-Muslim allazi Nanshuduhu. Kairo: Dar al-Wafa’, 1993.
Al Qardlawi, Yusuf, Halal dan Haram, Terj. Abu Sa’id al Fallahi, Jakarta: Rabbani Press, 2008
Al-Qurthuby, Abu Ahmad, Al-Jami` li ahkam al-Qur`an, Riyad: Dar Alam al-Kutub, Juz 5, 2003.
Al-Razi, Fakhruddin, Tafsir al-Kabir. Beirut: Dar al-Fikri li l-Tiba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tauzi’, 1995.
Al-Razy, Fakhruddin, Mafatiih Al-Ghaib (Al-Tafsir Al-Kabir) Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah, cet. I, juz 9, 2000.
Al-Syaukany, Muhammad, fath al-Qadiir, Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, juz 1, (t.th).
Al-Tabari, Jami’ al-Bayan fi tafsir al-Qur’an. Beirut: Dar al-Fikri. Juz 4, 1978.
Al-Tabari, Jami’ al-Bayan ‘an Ta’wil Ayat al-Qur’an. Beirut. Vol. III, 1988.
Al-Tabari, Abu Ja`far. Tafsir Al-Thabary, Muassasah Al-Risalah, cet. I, (tahqiq: Ahmad Muhammad Syakir) juz.7, 2000.
Al-Zamakhsyary, Al-Kasyaaf, ditahkik oleh Abdu al-Razzaq Al-Mahdi, Dar Ihya Al-Turats Al-Arabi, Beirut, juz 1, (t.th).
Al-Zuhayli, Wahbah, Al-Fiqh al-Islamy wa Adillatuh, Damaskus: Dar al-fikr: Damaskus, cet. III, 1989.
Ameer Ali, Sayed. The Spirit of Islam. India: Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, 1978.
Asghar Ali, Engineer, Matinya Perempuan, Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2000.
Athiyah Syaqar, Fatawa Al-Azhar, (atas talian) www.islamic-council.com (Diunduh 17 Nov 2013)
Bukhari. Sahih Bukhari, 1987, ditahkik oleh Dr. Musthafa Deib Al-Bagha, Dar Ibn Katsir Yamamah, Beirut, cet. III
Dawoud el-alami dan Dorren Hinchliffe, Islamic marriage and divorce laws of the Arab world, London, The hague, boston: Kluwer Law Intrnational, 1996.
Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Edisi III. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 2001.
Hassan Shadly, Ensiklopedi Indonesia, Jakarta, Ichtiar Baru – Van Hoeve, V, 1984.
Hasanain Muhammad Makhluf, Fatawa Al-Azhar, ta`addud al-zaujah, www.islamic-council.com (17 Nov 2013)
Hendry Hallam, Constitutional History of England. New York: England Published. Jilid 1.
Hideko Iwai, Islamic society and women in Islam, Japan: The Institute of Middle east studies. Universitas International Jepang, 1985.
HSA. Alhamdani, Risalah Nikah: Hukum Perkawinan Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Amani, 1980.
Ibnu Asyur, Al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir, Tunis: Al-Dar al-Tunisiyah li al-Nashr, juz IV, 1984.
Ibnu Katsir, Tafsir al-Qu`an Al-Adzim, t.tp. Daar Thayyibah, cet. II, juz 2, 1999.
Ibnu Quddamah, Abdurrahman, Al-Syarh Al-Kabiir dan Al-Bahuty, Kasyaaf Al-Qanna` fisyarh al-Iqna`I karya Al-Hajawy, Beirut: Daar al-Fikr, 1402 H.
Ibnu Rusyd, Bidayah al-Mujtahid fi nihayah al-Muqtashid, t.tp. Dar al-fikr, juz 2, (t.th).
Ibnu Sa’ad, Thabaqat al-Kubra, t.tp., t.th.,juz VIII.
Ibnu Taymiyah, 1398 H, Majmu` Fatawa Ibnu taymiyah, (tahkik Abdurrahman bin Muhammad bin Qasim An-Najdi), Beirut: Dar Al-Arabiyah, juz 32, 1398 H.
Iffatul Umniati dan Fathonah, Poligami dalam Pandangan Ulama Klasik, Laporan Penelitian SIS, Kuala Lumpur: Sisters In Islam, 2008.
Imam Al-Syafi`I, Al-Umm, Kairo: Daar al-Wafa`, cet I, juz V, 2001.
Imam Malik, Al-Muwaththa`, Kairo: Dar Ihya Kutub al-Arabiyah, (t.th), juz 2.
Jamal A. Badawi, Poligamy in Islamic Law, Indiana: American Trust Publications, 1976.
37
AL HIKMAH Jurnal Studi Keislaman, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2015
Para ulama besar universiti al-Azhar. Fatawa Al-Azhar, ta`addud al-zaujah, www.islamic-council.com (10 Des 2013)
Mernissi, Fatima, Beyond the veil, seks dan kekuasaan, dinamika pria dan wanita dalam masyarakat Muslim modern. Surabaya: al-Fikri, 1997.
Muhammad ‘Abduh. Al-Mar’ah fi al-Islam. Dikompilasikan oleh Muhammad ‘Imarah. Kitab al-Hilal, No. 347, November, 1979.
Muhammad ‘Imarah, al-A’mal al-Kamilah li al-Imam al-sheikh Muhammad ‘Abduh II. Kairo: Dar al-Shuruq, 1993.
Muhammad Syahrur, Nahwa Ushul Jadidah lil fiqh al-Islamy, fiqh al-Mar`ah, Syiria: Dar al-Ahali li al-Tiba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tauzi’, cet. I, 2000.
Muhammad Syahrur., al-Kitab wa al-Qur’an. Syiria: Dar al-Ahali li al-Tiba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tauzi’, 1990.
Muslim. Shahih Imam Muslim (tditahkik oleh Muhammad Fuad Abd Baqi), Beirut: Dar Ihya at-Turath Al-Arabi, (t.th).
Musthafa al-Siba’i, Wanita diantara Hukum dan Perundang-undangan, Terj. Chadidjah Nasution, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1977.
Murtadha Mutahhari, The Right of Women in Islam. Taheran, WOFIS, hal. 363.
Rasyid Ridla, Muhammad. Tafsir al-Manar. Kairo: Dar al-Manar. Jil. IV, 1367 H.
Shaltut, Mahmud. 1992. al-Islam ‘Aqidah wa Shari’ah. Kairo: Dar al-Shuruq.
Thomas Patrick Hughes, Dictionary of Islam, W.H Allen and Co., London.
Tihami (HMA) dan Sohari Sahrani, Fiqh Munakahat: Kajian Fiqh Nikah Lengkap, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2010.
W.J.S Poerwadamita, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, edisi ketiga, Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa
Published
2015-03-18
How to Cite
Fathonah, F. (2015, March 18). TELAAH POLIGINI: PERSPEKTIF ULAMA POPULER DUNIA (Dari Ulama Klasik Hingga Ulama Kontemporer). Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 5(1). Retrieved from http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/pantura/index.php/alhikmah/article/view/516
Section
Articles