FIQH SEBAGAI PRODUK IJTIHADI TERHADAP PENAFSIRAN AL-QUR’AN

  • Masrokhin M, Mr Fakultas Syari’ah Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari Tebuireng Jombang
Keywords: fiqh, ijtihād, interpretation, response era

Abstract

The interpretation of holly al-Qur’an has been done since Muhammad Saw prophet to his friends, however the product has not been booked. The interpretation of al- Qur’an caused law tafsir which becomes fiqh. As ijtihād re- sult, fiqh can not be seperated from historical context and place of birth. Its foundation is not merely al-Qur’an text (nash), but also the reality of fiqh society as object. This meaning makes fiqh as inspiration and motivation that in understanding the object, it is needed in-depth research. Based on the ijtihād reward, the ushul fiqh expert (ushuliyyun) provide two attitude theories such as mushawwibah and mukhathi’ah theories, so the sciences have different point of views of the four Sunni sect priests thought. Abu Hanifah, for example, he tends to rationalist, Malik ibn Anas likes to be exclusive, al-Syafi’i tends to be dynamic and Ahmad ibn Hanbal is quite referensive. The urgency of ijtihād toward al-Qur’an in digging the fiqh is never ending. It will be taken place forever when human interact both with environment, human being in socializing, as well as with Allah Swt in mahdhah worship. The dynamism of fiqih which is based on ijtihād seriousely enable human in establishing themselves to be shalih.
Published
2017-06-18