Studi Komparasi Antara Pendapat Madzhab Maliki dan Madzhab Syafi’i tentang Mahar Mitsil Bagi Istri yang Ditinggal Mati Suaminya Qobla Dukhul
One of the issues that need to be highlighted as well as the attention among Muslims is the issue of dowry, especially in the situation of a husband who does not determine the dowry and dies qabla dukhul. Furthermore, regarding the dowry of qabla dukhul, there were differences of opinion from several Muslim scholars, especially Maliki and the Shafi'i School of Religion.
The purpose of this study was to find out the opinions of Madhab Maliki and Syafi'i Madhhab about the dowry of the night for the wife left behind by her husband qobla dukhul and to find out about the law of Madhab Maliki and Syafi'i Madhhab to find out the similarities and differences of opinion between the two schools.
The results showed that according to the Maliki School of Wife whose wife had left her husband qobla dukhul and had not mentioned the dowry, the wife was not entitled to receive dowry but was entitled to inheritance. Whereas according to the Shafi'i School of Religion in this matter, it was argued that if the wife left behind by her husband qobla dukhul while the husband did not mention the dowry, the wife would still be entitled to receive dowry and inheritance.
Based on the analysis in this study, it can be concluded that the differences of opinion between the Maliki Madrasah and the Syafi'i Madhhabis are caused by the conflict between qiyas and atsar. Madhab Maliki stressed the dowry of prices on buying and selling. So when the husband dies qobla dukhul, the husband does not need to pay dowry. The Maliki school of thought took up the argument by referring to the friend of Ali ibn Abi Talib. While the Shafi'i School of Understanding has an understanding that when the marriage contract has taken place, and the marriage becomes legal from the side of the law, the bride price must be given to the wife. This opinion holds to the hadith narrated by Tirmidhi from Ibn Mas'ud
Abu Abdillah, Malik bin Anas, Al Muwaththa’ lil Imam Malik, terj. Nur Alim, dkk Jakarta: Puataka Azzam, 2006.
Abu Bakar , Imam Taqiyuddin bin Muhammad AlHusaini, Kifayatul Akhyar, terj, Syaifuddin Anwar, dkk, Surabaya: Bina Iman, tt.
Al-Andalusy, Abi al-Walid Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Rusyd al-Qurthuby, Bidayatul Mujtahid wa Nihayatul Muqtashid, Jakarta: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Islamiyah,2012.
Al-Anshari, Imam Zakariyya, Fathul Wahhab, Surabaya: Nurul Huda, tt.
Al-Attanukhi, Imam Sakhnun bin Said , Al-Mudawwanah al-Kubro, Baerut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1994.
Al-Fayruz abadi, Abi Ishaq Ibrahim bin ‘Ali, Al Muhadzdzab, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2011.
Al-Mawardi, Abi Hasan ‘Ali bin Muhammad bin Habib, al-Hawi al-Kabir, Baerut: Dar al-Fikr, 2003.
Alu Mubarak, Syaikh Faishal bin Abdul Aziz (ed.), Ringkasan Nailul Authar, terj. Amir Hamzah Fachrudin, dkk, Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2006.
As Syafi’i, al Imam Abi Abdillah Muhammad bin Idris, Al Umm, Beirut: Daar al Fikr, tt.
Ashidqy, Hasbi, Pokok-pokok Pegangan Imam Madzhab, Semarang: Pustaka Riski Putra, 1997.
As-Sijistani, Abi Dawud Sulaiman bin Al-Asy'ats, Sunan Abi Dawud, Baerut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 1996.
Asy-Syatibi, Abu Ishaq, Al-Muwafaqat, Bairut: Daar al-Fikr Al-‘Arabi, 1975.
At-Tirmidzi, Muhammad Ibnu ‘Isa, Sunan at-Tirmidzi, Baerut: Dar al-Fikr, tt.
Dewan Ensiklopedi Islam, Ensiklopedi Islam, Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1996.
Hanafi, Muchlis M, Imam Malik Penapak Atsar dan Tradisi Ahli Madinah Pendiri Madzhab Maliki, Tangerang: Lentera Hati, 2013.
Mughniyah, Muhammad Jawad, Fiqih Lima Madzhab “Ja’fari, Hanafi, Maliki, Syafi’i, Hambali”, Terj. Masykur A. B.,dkk, Jakarta: Lentera, 2000.
Muhammad Azzam, Abdul Aziz, dkk, Fiqh Munakahat, Jakarta: Amzah, 2009.
Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 2005.
Sabiq, Sayyid, Fikih Sunnah, terj. Moh. Thalib, Bandung: Al-Ma’arif,1996.
Saebani, Beni Ahmad, Fiqh Munakahat 1, Bandung: CV Pustaka setia, 2013.
Syarifuddin, Amir, Hukum Perkawinan Islam di Indonesia: antara Fiqh Munakahat dan Undang-Undang Perkawinan, Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group, 2006.
Tihami, dkk, Fikih Munakahat: Kajian Fikih Nikah Lengkap, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2010.
Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam, Grahamedia press, 2014.
Zarqani, Muhammad, Syarah Al-Zarqaniy ‘ala Al-Muwattha’, al-Khairiyyah, tt.
Zuhaily, Muhammad, Al-Mu’tamad fi al-Fiqh As-Syafi’i, Beirut: Dar as-Syamiah, 2011.
Copyright (c) 2019 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Jurnal Studi Islam by At-Tahdzib is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib