At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah 2020-06-10T02:46:49+00:00 Bustanul Arifin Open Journal Systems <p>At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah diterbitkan oleh Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam At-Tahdzib Ngoro Jombang</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alternatif Penyelesaian Waris Pengganti Di Indonesia 2020-06-10T02:46:49+00:00 Ahmad Insya' Ansori Moh Ulumuddin <p>The difference between salaf scholars and modern scholars about the successor to successors. Salaf scholars state that "successor inheritance" does not exist, and with the principles of naqliyyah and ijma 'Companions, hold firm that the problem of "inheritance" is qat'i, ta'abbudi, not ta'aqquli, not ijtihadi, and they uphold ijma 'Companions because there is a basis for the words of the Prophet Muhammad about it. Whereas modern scholars (khalaf) in KHI and Hazairin thought stated that "successor inheritance" exists and has the inheritance rights of his parents who died, and they (modern scholars) put the issue of "successor inheritance" of zanni, ta'aqquli, and ijtihadi, for the sake of social benefit in Indonesia.&nbsp;</p> 2020-06-10T02:43:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Kepailitan PT Asuransi Syariah Mubarakah Dan Perlindungan Peserta Dalam Konteks Peraturan Perundang-Undangan Di Indonesia 2020-04-21T23:44:09+00:00 Syukron Syukron Nurhasanah Nurhasanah <p>This article is motivated by the conflict between the participants of Mubarakah Sharia Insurance and PT Asuransi Sharia Mubarakah after the bankruptcy decision. The case of PT Asuransi Syariah Mubarakah was examined and decided by the Commercial Court. Law No. 50/2009 concerning amendments to Law No. 3/2006 concerning the Religious Courts explains that Islamic economic disputes become the absolute competence of the Religious Courts. This gap needs to be reviewed from the theory of the law of the law and the principle of Lex posterior derogat priori legi. The next problem that arises is the non-fulfillment of the rights of the insurance participants after the bankruptcy decision. this issue is analyzed using the Fiduciari Duty, Ultra Vires and piercing the corporate veil approach in the context of corporate law. This approach is used to review legal protection for insurance participants. The method used is a Nomative qualitative approach. The data used are library research and field research. There are 2 conclusions in this article, First, the bankruptcy problem is still handled by the Commercial Court due to the strength of the rule of law and the tendency of the parties and curators who have confidence in the commercial court. Second, the lack of legal protection provided to the participants of PT. Mubarakah Sharia Insurance due to lack of legal protection from the Ministry of Finance and the Financial Services Authority and the absence of rules governing insurance participants (policyholders). Losses that cause companies to go bankrupt are seen as negligence of managers to conduct business such as not complying with the level of solvency and not conducting liquidation prior to bankruptcy. Therefore, the Curator should charge and hold the Directors and commissioners accountable for paying debts to insurance participants.</p> 2020-04-21T23:44:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Measuring the Existence of Islamic Religious Instructor in Milennial Era 2020-04-21T23:24:58+00:00 Fawait Syaiful Rahman <p><em>Abstract</em> The millennial era is a continuation of the globalization era as well as becoming a new era of challenges. Anyone who can make good use of it can become a great opportunity so that the challenge brings blessings. Conversely, for people who cannot utilize properly and appropriately, in navigating the ark of life this can experience failure and even deterioration. People who can turn challenges into opportunities will succeed in achieving life's ideals, reach their material and spiritual life well-being, and proportionally position their physical and spiritual needs. To help people who are not good at maximizing opportunities and challenges, especially in the millennial era, Islamic Extensiontake full responsibility and contribute to be part of the government to produce a generation ofWorkersmorality, smart, smart, devoted to achieving a noble life. This article uses qualitative research with a literature study approach. A literature study is a study conducted with a focus on books, scientific works such as journals, and various other scientific writings. This article concludes that the existence of Islamic Extension Workers in the middle of the community is very strategic with several potentials. First, PAI's strategic position helps to explore various information that is directly experienced by the community. Second, PAI's strategic position helps to understand the different characters of the community and requires handling different solutions. Third, it helps the government to form a society that is virtuous, moral who are praiseworthy, devoted, love the motherland, productive, directing people to achieve world success until the hereafter.</p> 2020-04-21T23:24:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Konsep Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (MSDM) dalam Perspektif Syariah (Telaah Perilaku Bisnis dalam Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia) 2020-04-03T07:53:26+00:00 Sucipto Sucipto <p><em>Sebagai umat Muslim harus mencerminkan seluruh aktivitas sehari-harinya berdasarkan nila-nilai Islam, terutama dalam berekonomi sehingga perilaku bisnisnya pun harus berdasarkan prinsip dan nilai Islam. Selain itu, manajemen sumber daya manusia harus mampu diterapkan agar memperoleh manusia berkompeten dalam ekonomi dan bisnis sehingga terbentuk dalam perilakunya. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan kualitatif berupa studi pustaka. Hasilnya menunjukkan prinsip perilaku ekonomi dan bisnis Islam berupa tanggungjawab, keadilan, otonomi, dan integritas moral. Secara penerapan ekonomi dan bisnis Islam harus mampu mengaplikasikan keadilan dalam harga, pasar dan upah. Sistem keuntungannya tidak memperbolehkan adanya monopoli dan menghalalkan segala cara. Pada perilaku produksi mengutamakan prinsip kemaslahatan berupa proporsional, keadilan dan kepemilikan. Sedangkan konsumsi harus memperhatikan barang yang dikonsumsi, kehalalan dan kebutuhannya.</em></p> 2020-04-03T07:53:26+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Etika Berkomunikasi Dalam Islam (Kajian Dalam Surat Al-Ahzab Ayat 32 Dan Ayat 70) 2020-04-03T07:55:59+00:00 Ira Trisnawati Muhammad Syahrul Mubarak <p><em>Communication is a human need in every activity. Especially in muamalah, communication was an important role in the success and failure of these muamalah activities. Good communication can foster friendship and affection between humans. Ethics is a science that discusses the pros and cons of a human's behavior, human habits in his association with each other. Communication is the process of delivering a message or delivery of information which the meaning of the message’s sender to the recipient of the message, which is used as a tool to achieve certain goals. The ethics of Islamic communication is the procedure in conducting communication in accordance with moral values ​​in determining the good and bad behavior of a person by means of Islamic delivery, so that it leads to the benefit of humanity. This research uses library research method (literature) which focuses on searching and studying literature and other library materials by using qualitative methods and focusing the discussion on Surah al-Ahzab verse 32 and verse 70. Surah Al-Ahzab was a Madaniyah letter which discussing various legal issues, one of which is about the ethics of communication. Ethics in communication should be use qoulan karima and qoulan sadidan which are the teachings of Islam. Ethics taught in Surah al-Ahzab verse 32 and verse 70 teach us that in interacting we must use good ethics, especially in terms of communication, so as not to cause misinterpretation due to poor communication ethics.</em></p> 2020-04-03T07:36:26+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Terobosan dan Perubahan Kebijakan Ekonomi pada Masa Pemerintahan Umar bin Abdul Aziz dalam Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Sosial 2020-04-03T07:14:13+00:00 Nurani Puspa Ningrum Yuliawati Yuliawati <p><strong>Abstract:</strong> This study aims to find out how the breakthroughs and policy change during the reign of Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz in the context of prospering his people, using qualitative methods that are used descriptively. The sources used are historical sources using library data. The result shows that public financial management policy of Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz is by optimizing state revenue by using zakat as the main source, optimizing <em>jizyah</em>, <em>kharaj</em>, <em>usyur</em>, <em>ghanimah</em>/<em>fai</em>, and taxes (<em>dharibah</em>).&nbsp; Improving the people’s welfare by optimizing the budget for people's welfare by created a good economic facilities and fixed up the agriculture fields. Whilst the impact of the policy carried out by Umar bin Abdul Aziz is an increase in people’s welfare, an increase in people's purchasing power, a reduction in poverty, a reduction in taxes because many of them changes theis faith to Islam, and those enhancement as the realization of the high islamic’s commitment in brotherhood and prosperity. Attainment of welfare was not only material or physical satisfaction, but also the fulfillment of spiritual needs as the capital for development.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Policy, State Revenue, State Expenditure, Caliph Umar bin Abdul Azi</p> 2020-04-03T07:13:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Perilaku Wakaf Elit Agama Kota Malang (Studi Konstruk Elit Agama Kota Malang Terhadap Wakaf Uang) 2020-04-06T00:07:54+00:00 Fakhruddin Fakhruddin Dwi Hidayatul Firdaus <p><em>Waqf is also an instrument for creating justice and prosperity in the economic field. The main characteristic of endowments is when endowments have been fulfilled, then there is a shift in ownership from the owner to the ownership of Muslim communities which are expected to last and provide sustainable benefits. Waqf in the form of money (endowments of money) is seen as one way to make endowments can provide better and more results. Researchers are interested in conducting research on this waqf with a focus on looking at the behavior of the religious elites of the city of Malang in understanding and actualizing the endowments of money in their lives. In this case the religious elite of the city of Malang took samples from the Nahdlotul Ulama Organization (NU), Muhammadiyah and the Indonesian Islamic Da'wah Institute and some of the City boarding school caretakers. With the formulation of the problem 1) What are Malang City's religious elite views on the concept and implementation of cash waqf? 2) What is the appropriate format according to the religious elite of Malang City on the application of cash waqf? The type of research that will be used in this research is field research, namely research conducted in the arena or field of symptoms. With this type of research is expected to collect data and information obtained directly from respondents about the endowment of money for the religious elite in the city of Malang. The results of this study are the first religious elites of Malang City in terms of cash waqf giving legal jaiz in other words the practice of waqaf is not only dominated by the object of the object immovable waqaf, because it sees the situation and conditions that exist in society and for general welfare and not conflict with Sharia. Whereas in practice, the religious elite of Malang City has not yet carried out the mandate of the regulation stating that it must be orderly administration in terms of permits to be Nazar, deed of pledge waqaf and in cooperation with Islamic Financial Institutions (LKS). Second, the lack of information and socialization about this cash waqf, then the format that occurs in the community in applying this cash waqf is by directly giving the cash waqf property to Nazir directly. money that was forgiven. So that the religious elites of Malang also practice from what was signed above, because the contract directly from waqif explains in the contract for what the money is. As Muhammadiyah and other religious elites on that day also directly allocate the cash waqf received on the object of the contract that was explained at the time of the Waqf contract.</em></p> 2020-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pemahaman Matan Hadith Mukhtalif (Studi Hadith Nabi Musa Memukul Wajah Malaikat Maut) 2020-01-06T09:32:17+00:00 Purwantoro Purwantoro <p><em>The content of the Prophet's Hadith will always be in line and in harmony with the content of the Qur'an. When encountering the Hadith content which is indicated as odd (mukhtalif), it is necessary to do in-depth research. It is found in the book of Saheeh Bukhari that the Prophet Musa struck the Angel of Death face. In simple words the hadith seems absurd, how a Prophet dared to hit the Angel face. In this study, we will find the fact that angels were human when they met the Prophets. When this human form, the Prophet Musa struck the face of the Angel of Death. Angels turned out to be a number of human beings when met with several Prophets.</em></p> 2020-01-06T09:31:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hak Syuf’ah dalam Akad Musyarakah Mutanaqishah 2019-11-20T13:15:51+00:00 Faridatul Fitriyah <p><em>Musyarakah Mutanaqishah is one of </em><em>a</em><em>kad which has minor risk compared to the other </em><em>a</em><em>kad that is commonly implemented by sharia banking. In </em><em>Musyarakah </em><em>Mutanaqisah contract of cooperation </em><em>Musyarakah </em><em>Mutanaqishah can be done in various commercial business activities, with the form of business that is </em><em>s</em><em>hariah compliant, among others; the principle of buying and selling, and renting rent. The important point is to be aware of that </em><em>Musyarakah </em><em>Mutanaqisah creates ownership in the form of a stationary asset, the parties in the union are not allowed to sell the portion of the assets owned to the other party outside the union without permission from other members of the union. Because, when members of the union sell their portions to the outside of the Union, there is a right to the members of the long-standing member of the assets that have been purchased by new members of the union. When the rights of Syuf’ah are applied, there is a worry that the parties are harmed. Based on this background, the author examines the right of Syuf’ah in </em><em>Musyarakah </em><em>Mutanaqishah contract.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;Based on the results of the study of the rules of agreement Musyarakah Mutanaqishah, based on theories and the rules of Dewan Syariah Nasional-Majelis Ulama Indonesia do not discuss the rules regarding the prohibition of parties in the union move or sell to other parties outside the union. But the implementation of this agreement on Sharia banking, the Otoritas Jasa Keuangan regulates the standard application of Musyarakah Mutanaqisah product. In the standard book the application of musyarakah Mutanaqishah products, arranged in relation to Negative Covenant clause. In drafting a financing agreement contract with the Musyarakah Mutanaqisah scheme, the bank should bind customer not to divert and surrender the portion of the customer's ownership to the other party, either in whole or in part. The author hopes the rule of application of this agreement is also noticed by other financial institutions, especially non-bank financial institutions in its transaction also implementing Musyarakah Mutanaqisah contract.</em></p> 2019-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Partisipatif Pada Kinerja Mahasiswa Magang: Peran Mediasi Kepercayaan Pada Organisasi 2019-11-02T11:53:49+00:00 Supeno Supeno Ali Audah <p><em>Research involving final-year students’ university internship on Islamic High School for three months. Students completing measure instruments that developed by researcher. Data covered used to test of direct and indirect effect of participative leadership toward task and contextual performance with mediation of affective and cognitive-trust in leader. Result of analysis shows participative leadership, affective and cognitive-trust in leader simultaneously has positive influence toward task and contextual performance. Participative leadership partially has positive influence on both task and contextual performance as well as on affective and cognitive-trust in leader. Affective-trust in leader partially has positive influence on task performance. Direct effect of participative leadership on task performance was bigger from indirect effect by affective-trust in leader, and total effect was bigger from direct effect. Influence of participative leadership on task performance unmediated by affective-trust in leader. Because contextual performance uninfluenced by affective-trust in leader, so affective-trust unmediated for influence of participative leadership on contextual performance. Because no influence of cognitive-trust on task and contextual performance, so cognitive-trust unmediated for influence of participative leadership, both on task or contextual performance. Research finding would discuss in students internship context.</em></p> 2019-11-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relevansi Corporate Social Responsibility Terhadap Nilai-Nilai Ekonomi Islam Perspektif Mazhab Mainstream 2019-10-21T22:31:38+00:00 Bustanul Arifin Zainal Fanani M Muflikhul Khitam <p>Corporate social responsibility is a program dedicated to the interests of humanity and the environment and&nbsp;is intended&nbsp;to promote human beings, especially those around Environmental sustainability, especially where the company&nbsp;is operated. Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept relevant to the economic values of Islam in the point of view of the Mainstream sect. Researchers divide it into 3 principles, as follows: 1) Corporate Social Responsibility&nbsp;is faced&nbsp;with the principle of compound ownership (Multitype&nbsp;ownership) is relevant to the value of ownership (ownership) and the value of balance (equilibrium). Ownership values include private property and collective ownership. The balance value in terms of balance between right and obligation&nbsp;should be&nbsp;in care. Both of these values&nbsp;are derived&nbsp;from the value of Unity of God. 2) Corporate Social Responsibility if connected with the principle of freedom of action/endeavor&nbsp;(freedom to act) is&nbsp;to&nbsp;the company with the community that belongs to the concept of&nbsp;Khalifat&nbsp;That implies unity and brotherhood. Such freedom is in the context of economic freedom that corresponds to&nbsp;Sharia. 3) Corporate Social Responsibility Judging by the social Justice principles (social Justice)&nbsp;is demonstrated&nbsp;through its identity as part of the company's business ethics in which it applies the principle of fairness. Because in its implications, CSR emphasizes the concept of 3 P (profit, people, and planet) interrelated.</p> 2019-10-21T22:31:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dampak Obyek Wisata Religi Makam Gus Dur Terhadap Pendapatan Pedagang Di Tebuireng Kecamatan Diwek Kabupaten Jombang 2019-11-18T04:29:17+00:00 Ilyas Nurul Azam <p>This study aims to determine the impact of religious tourism Gus Dur of income traders, these findings are;</p> <p>Visitors to the tomb of Sunan degrees has a goal to enjoy and linger in the pilgrimage, the pilgrims usually they unwind by buying food and drinks around the tomb of Sunan degrees as well as pocket money if there is more they prefer to buy souvenirs bearing the tomb of Gus Dur , even they also provided a place to stay so it can also indirectly increase the income of traders. Friday day on certain days of the Islamic month of Ramadan, especially in the number of visitors increased.</p> <p>Results of analysis of different test average (compare the mean) with t-test with Paired Two Sample for Means (Paired Data) between income trader before he was traded by the trade around the tomb of Gus Dur with an average income of 42 food and beverage vendors, toys children, souvenir, souvenirs and religious equipment moving at intervals 28,444,390,243.90 and 122,250,000,00 with average earnings up to 1,650,000,00 526.097.56 showed that it greatly affects the location of differences on income traders, before trading at the location about the Tomb of Gus Dur by not selling around the grave even though the merchants did not have the homogeneity of old sell.</p> 2019-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Adil Dalam Poligami Menurut Kyai Di Jombang Perspektif M. Quraish Shihab 2019-10-06T09:45:09+00:00 Ahmad Khotim Gempur Malessantoro <p><em>This article reviews about M. Quraish Shihab's perspective polygamy, and the one who practices polygamy is a Kyai in Jombang Regency. The status of polygamy has been registered at the Jombang M. Quraish Shihab Religious Court, seeing that justice can only be in the matter of matei, while being fair in matters of affection is very difficult to apply to people who are polygamous. Whereas the Kyai in Jombang who do polygamy can all only be fair in material matters, if in terms of affection it is very difficult to do this in line with the view of M. Quraish Shihab.</em></p> 2019-10-06T09:45:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peranan Pondok Pesantren Di Era Digital 2019-10-06T09:08:37+00:00 Abdul Muid <p>Islamic Boarding School Education is the most fun for students in this digital age because Islamic Boarding School education is very convenient for the development of children's mental health in order to achieve world education goals and the hereafter. To answer the challenges of parents, the Islamic Boarding School in this era was equipped with a very complete formal education. Especially to form an Islamic character that has added values ​​in creating children with the character of al-akhlaq al-karimah. For parents, God willing, the world of pesantren is an educational institution that will bring prosperity and safety to their children, not only welfare in the world, but isya Allah the welfare of life in the hereafter. Herein lies the importance of the Research on the Role of Islamic Boarding Schools in the Digital Era, this is a solution for parents of students who will leave their children in Islamic Boarding Schools. There used to be a lot of assumptions by parents who left their children at the Islamic boarding school to only print Modin and Kyai, but that assumption was completely eroded by the reality in the field which was able to prove, that many children of Islamic Boarding School graduates who entered State Universities, such as UNAIR, ITS , Universitas Brawijaya Malang, UGM, and so on can be anything, so the assumption disappears on its own. So that empirical evidence is able to change the paradigm of students 'parents' thinking to increasingly love Islamic boarding schools. In the community's old-fashioned thinking, they consider boarding schools are only to accommodate children who are not achievers, (Naughty), then Islamic Boarding Schools in this Era, the assumption disappears by itself, because Islamic boarding school graduates are able to displace the outstanding state schools, because pesantren are managed by modern management and are increasingly loved and loved by the community, except pesantren which apply special management of the salaf method).</p> 2019-10-06T09:08:37+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Konsep Istinbath Hukum Kontemporer Menurut Said Ramadlan Al Buthi 2019-10-06T08:31:50+00:00 Abdul Basith <p>The result development of era diverse contemporary problems we are facing automatically increase, many contemporary issues that need legal solutions, on the other hand the existing methodology is sometimes considered inadequate to provide tailored solutions for the benefit required. One of the determination law methods initiated by contemporary scholars is al-Bûthi’s concept of <em>maslahat</em>. His intellectual career that get many scholars’ attention, the high appreciation from the other scholars because of his personal charisma, and the uniqueness of his thoughts attract researchers to conduct the study on his concept of thought about <em>maslahat</em>. Based on this background the researcher interested to discuss about contemporary concept of istinbath according to Sa'id Ramadan al-Bûthi, then its application in the determination of Islamic law, also the relevance and significance for solving problems of the contemporary issues in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to describe the contemporary concept <em>according to </em>Sa'id Ramadan al-Bûthi, then its application in the determination of Islamic law in Indonesia, also the relevance and significance for solving problems of the contemporary issues. The conclusion of this research is that contemporary concept of istinbath according to al-Bûthi must use <em>istishlahi</em> method, not the textualy one, only applying the text without being contextualized with the times and condition, nor too free without limitation when taking rests using the basis of maslahah, <em>according to </em>Sa'id Ramadan al-Bûthi the concept of istinbath law using maslahat considerations must fulfill five limits or restrictions (<em>dlawâbith</em>), namely: (1) <em>maslahat </em>must be ranged within the scope of the purpose of sari'ah '(<em>maqâshid as-syari'ah</em>), (2) does not contradict with al-Quran, (3) does not contradict with the Sunnah, (4) does not contradict with al-Qiyas, (5) does not ignore <em>maslahat </em>more important and urgrnt. Application of the Bûthi’s concept of <em>maslahat </em>for example is the determination of the law of jihad, the establishment of intellectual property rights, charity profession, waqf the money, etc.. From this it can be seen the relevance and significance of the the Bûthi’s concept of <em>maslahat </em>to be applied for solving contemporary problems in Indonesia.</p> 2019-10-06T08:31:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Studi Komparasi Antara Pendapat Madzhab Maliki dan Madzhab Syafi’i tentang Mahar Mitsil Bagi Istri yang Ditinggal Mati Suaminya Qobla Dukhul 2019-09-19T04:55:33+00:00 Yayat Dimyati <p><em>One of the issues that need to be highlighted as well as the attention among Muslims is the issue of dowry, especially in the situation of a husband who does not determine the dowry and dies qabla dukhul. Furthermore, regarding the dowry of qabla dukhul, there were differences of opinion from several Muslim scholars, especially Maliki and the Shafi'i School of Religion.</em></p> <p><em>The purpose of this study was to find out the opinions of Madhab Maliki and Syafi'i Madhhab about the dowry of the night for the wife left behind by her husband qobla dukhul and to find out about the law of Madhab Maliki and Syafi'i Madhhab to find out the similarities and differences of opinion between the two schools.</em></p> <p><em>The results showed that according to the Maliki School of Wife whose wife had left her husband qobla dukhul and had not mentioned the dowry, the wife was not entitled to receive dowry but was entitled to inheritance. Whereas according to the Shafi'i School of Religion in this matter, it was argued that if the wife left behind by her husband qobla dukhul while the husband did not mention the dowry, the wife would still be entitled to receive dowry and inheritance.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the analysis in this study, it can be concluded that the differences of opinion between the Maliki Madrasah and the Syafi'i Madhhabis are caused by the conflict between qiyas and atsar. Madhab Maliki stressed the dowry of prices on buying and selling. So when the husband dies qobla dukhul, the husband does not need to pay dowry. The Maliki school of thought took up the argument by referring to the friend of Ali ibn Abi Talib. While the Shafi'i School of Understanding has an understanding that when the marriage contract has taken place, and the marriage becomes legal from the side of the law, the bride price must be given to the wife. This opinion holds to the hadith narrated by Tirmidhi from Ibn Mas'ud</em></p> 2019-09-19T04:55:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Strategi Pengembangan Industri Kreatif Berbasis Kearifan Lokal (Studi Pada Sentra Industri Kerajinan Batik Banyuwangi) 2019-09-15T05:26:16+00:00 Zaim Mukaffi <p>The results of this study are 1) The value chain in the Banyuwangi batik craft industry is creation, production, distribution and commercialization. The four value chains are business processes that exist in the Banyuwangi batik craft industry.</p> <p>2) The SWOT analysis technique shows the position index on internal factor analysis of + 0.796 and on the external position index of +0.8859. So that in the SWOT diagram that is seen in the position located on Quadrant I namely quadrant which means that the potential of the banyuwangi batik craft industry has a very large opportunity to grow and even compete with other batik industries. In addition, from the internal aspect shows that the ideas / ideas and creations that are built through the characteristics of Banyuwangi batik are very good.</p> <p>3) To get optimal results in the development of creative industries in the Banyuwangi batik craft industry, collaboration between the main actors is needed with the starting points of these three main actors; (1) Commitment of intellectuals, business and government, continuous coordination between the three actors, and seek synergy to develop the creative industry. Where the role of the Banyuwangi district government has been to socialize about Banyuwangi batik to the outside public, both directly and through official media of the local government, besides training members, holding festivals both in Banyuwangi and outside. Whereas in terms of the role of academics, so far they have not contributed to the development of batik in Banyuwangi in the form of training, research results and community service. And from the aspect of the business actor, has carried out various methods with creative batik products according to their identity. The real form that is done is by using social media, opening cooperation with agents and opening their own outlets to introduce and sell their products.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2019-09-15T05:26:16+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peranan Zakat, Infak Dan Sedekah (ZIS) Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Perekonomian Masyarakat Kota Metro 2019-09-10T12:41:30+00:00 Ani Mardiantari Habib Ismail Haris Santoso M. Muslih <p>Zakat, infaq and almsgiving is one of the worship in Islam to seek pleasure from Allah SWT. In Islam besides worshiping zakat, infaq and almsgiving are also effective solutions for poverty alleviation. Therefore a zakat, infaq and alms management body is needed which has a good management mechanism and has an optimal role in efforts to improve the economy in the community. LAZISNU Metro City was formed in order to maximize the management of zakat and maximize the increase in the economy of the community in Metro City.</p> <p>This research is a field research with theoretical, normative, pedagogical and philosophical approaches. Sources of data sourced from primary data obtained from the results of direct interviews and secondary data in the form of written information from the literature. Data collection through observation, documentation interview, triangulation and final stages is to draw conclusions.</p> <p>The results of this study indicate that the zakat management mechanism that exists in LAZISNU Metro City is quite good, but there are still some parts that are not maximal due to the obstacles faced. The role of zakat, infaq and almsgiving in an effort to improve the economy of the community in Metro City runs in the form of consumptive assistance and productive assistance. The implementation is carried out based on Islamic law and the Law. Therefore LAZISNU Metro City needs to continue to evaluate in order to achieve a maximum role in an effort to improve the economy of the community in Metro City.</p> 2019-09-10T12:41:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relevansi Madrasah Diniyah Takmiliyah terhadap Pengembangan Program Studi Hukum Ekonomi Syari’ah (Mu’amalah) di Madrasah Diniyah Takmiliyah At-Tahdzib Jombang 2019-09-10T12:27:16+00:00 Ahmad Insya' Ansori Bustanul Arifin Purwantoro Purwantoro <p>Penelitian tentang Relevansi Madrasah Diniyah Takmiliyah terhadap Pengembangan Program Studi Hukum Ekonomi Syari’ah (Mu’amalah) di Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam At-Tahdzib ini sangatlah penting. Karena penelitian ini meliputi aspek material yang terkandung dalam muatan kurikulum MDT dan kurikulum Prodi HES di STAI At-Tahdzib. Dengan pendekatan kualitatif, penelitian menghasilkan kesimpulan sebagaimana berikut : 1) Peran Madrasah Diniyah dalam meningkatkan mutu Pendidikan&nbsp; khususnya dalam kemampuan pengembangan keagamaan dan Bahasa sangat banyak salah satunya dalam penanaman nilai -nilai Islam lebih dini pada peserta didik. 2) Kerjasama Madrasah Diniyah At-tahdzib dengan Prodi di lingkungan STAIA ini yang akan menjadi nilai plus bagi Prodi dalam peningkatan mutu pendidikan terutama dalam bidang keagamaan. 3) hasil mutu pendidikan sebagaiamana berikut, &nbsp;Ranah Kognitif ranah yang mencakup kegiatan mental (otak). Dan &nbsp;segala upaya yang menyangkut aktifitas otak hal ini bisa dibuktikan dengan hasil ujian persemester dan hasil ujian nasional &nbsp;Ranah Afektif mencakup segala sesuatu yang terkait dengan emosi, misalnya perasaan, nilai, penghargaan, semangat,minat, motivasi, dan sikap. Peneliti mengidentifikasi ranah efektif ini dengan motivasi dan semangat mahasiswa dalam pelaksanaan sholat jamaah dan &nbsp;menjaga kebersihan. Psikomotorik meliputi gerakan dan koordinasi jasmani, keterampilan &nbsp;motorik dan kemampuan fisik seperti keaktifan mahasiswa baik dalam kelas maupun luar kelas dalam mengikuti segala kegiatan di kampus dan pesantren.</p> 2019-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hak Cipta Dalam Diskursus Ekonomi Islam 2019-09-08T11:29:45+00:00 Moh Ulumuddin <p>Pemahaman terhadap harta sebelum revolusi industri pertama hanya mencakup sesuatu yang visibel dan ekonomis. Namun paasca fenomena tersebut, terjadi pergeseran paradigma yang memperluas pengertian harta. Pada titik ini, hak cipta (<em>copy rights) </em>menjadi objek baru dalam kajian hukum dan menjadikannya sebagai salah satu hak yang mendapat perlindungan. Penelitian ini ingin mengungkap bagaimana Islam memandang eksistensi dari hak cipta. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan historis-normatif, dapat diketahui bahwasanya konsep harta dalam islam sebenarnya telah mengakomodir hak cipta dan menjadikannya sebagai salah satu hal yang dapat dimiliki sebagai harta. akan tetapi diskursus mengenai hal ini baru terjadi pada masa kontemporer. Sebelumnya, eksistensi Hak cipta kurang mendapatkan perhatian karena masih dianggap kurang bernilai secara ekonomis. Pembahasan mengenai kekayaan intelektual juga sudah diuraikan secara jelas dan rinci dalam karya-karya ulama kontemporer muslim, seperti wahbah zuhaili dan lain sebagainya.</p> 2019-09-08T11:29:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Kapitalisme Dan Islam Dalam Pergulatan Ekonomi 2019-07-05T00:44:56+00:00 Yoyok Rimbawan <p>The unpreparedness of human resources in the development of the state, especially the economy, has resulted in the choice of many Islamic countries being oriented and oriented towards these two main ideologies, namely the capitalist model developed by Western countries or the socialists adopted by Russia and China. As well as adopting the totality of these two ideologies as a foothold in managing human resources, natural resources in economic activities. Although both of them have principles that are not in accordance with Islamic teachings.</p> 2019-07-05T00:43:01+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Orientasi dan Perkembangan Regulasi Perbankan Syariah 2019-05-19T13:32:51+00:00 Moh Ulumuddin <p><em>Banking regulation in command (UU No 14 years 1967 on banking points up to the last regulation of UU No 21 year 2011 on OJK, so that there is a clear description of the history of regulatory developments Sharia banking. The presence of Sharia banks in the midst of conventional banking is at least two main reasons concerning the background of the establishment of Sharia banks, namely: first, from the legal aspect, the view that the interest in the conventional bank The law is unlawful because it belongs to the category of Riba forbidden in religion, not only on the religion of Islam but also by other religious religions; Secondly, from the economic aspect, the surrender of business risk to one party is judged to violate the norms of justice and can cause selfishness.</em></p> 2019-05-19T11:47:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Marketing Mix Berbasis Price Discount dan Bonus Packs Untuk Bisnis Online 2019-05-03T11:32:08+00:00 Alisia Muamanah Achmad Fawaid <p>In the era of global science and technology development and overall all lines of life, all aspects of life are touched by internet access included in the business world. Marketing of products and services sold online known as e-commerce or e-business is also used by online shop Nala Hijab. The purpose of this study was to determine consumer perceptions of price discount and bonus packs on the attractiveness of purchases and the level of satisfaction felt by customers Nala Hijab. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach. The result showed that online promotion price discount and bonus packs and the perception of price perceptions of each other had significant effect on the value of customer satisfaction and trust in the Nala Hijab store. The result of this study indicate that the promotion carried out by Nala Hijab is appropriate, because it can influence consumer purchasing decisions through perceived value of satisfaction and trust. The accuracy of the Nala Hijab online store in taking marketing stimulation actions on products, prices, and promotion mix is a success in taking action to maintain business success competitiveness.</p> 2019-05-03T11:32:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Urgensi Kodifikasi Hukum Keluarga Islam Dalam Dunia Muslim 2019-04-18T08:49:52+00:00 Muchammad Hammad <p>Hukum Islam adalah hukum yang bersumber dari dan menjadi bagian dari agama Islam. Salah satu produk hukum yang dihasilkan dari ijtihad para mujtahid adalah mengenai hukum-hukum yang berkenaan dengan masalah-masalah di dalam keluarga, yang selanjutnya disebut hukum keluaraga Islam. Hingga dewasa ini, telah banyak negara-negara Muslim yang menjadikan hukum keluarga Islam sebagai sebuah perundang-undangan yang mengatur urusan di lingkungan keluarga umat Islam. Seiring berubahnya waktu dan kondisi, hukum keluarga Islam yang telah dikodifikasi terus mengalami pembaharuan guna menjawab masalah-masalah yang timbul di dalam keluarga masyarakat Muslim. Selanjumya penelitian ini berusaha menjawab permasalahan mengapa upaya kodifikasi hukum keluarga Islam di dunia Muslim menjadi sebuah hal yang penting untuk dilakukan?. Dengan mentelaah beberapa literaratur kepustakaan, serta menggunakan pendekatan normatif,sosiologis, dan historis dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa upaya kodifikasi hukum keluarga Islam di dunia Muslim menjadi urgen dikarenakan tiga faktor: <em>Pertama</em>, Hukum Keluarga Islam menduduki posisi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan hukum-hukum lain dalam rumpun hukum muamalah Islam. <em>Kedua</em>, Adanya nilai positif dari upaya kodifikasi hukum keluarga Islam. <em>Ketiga</em>, Hukum Islam lebih dapat diterima dan diterapkan di masyarakat dibandingkan dengan hukum Barat</p> 2019-04-18T08:49:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sebuah Kajian Etnometodologi: Metode Ajakan Tertawa Pengurus Harian Jurusan Syariah Stai Attahdzib Dalam Whatsapp Grup Cangkruk 2019-04-18T08:26:39+00:00 Ahmad Insya' Ansori <p><em>Etnometodologi adalah salah satu teori yang dipayungi oleh paradigma definisi sosial yang menfokuskan studinya mengenai kegiatan manusia sehari-hari atas dasar&nbsp;common sense. Dalam realitanya entah berdasar kepentingan praktis ataukah teoritis common sense ketika dibangun atas realita sosial dapat dibangun melalui penelitian yang sisitematis dan teoritis. Pada wilayah inilah (kepentingan praktis) etnometodologi hadir sebagai alat pengamatan pergerakan keseharian manusia untuk membangun pemahaman utuh atas fakta sosial yang tengah tertebar di masyarakat .</em></p> 2019-04-18T08:26:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##