At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib <p>At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah diterbitkan oleh Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam At-Tahdzib Ngoro Jombang</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>Jurnal Studi Islam by <a href="/index.php/tahdzib/index" rel="cc:attributionURL">At-Tahdzib</a> is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.<br>Based on a work at&nbsp;<a href="http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib">http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib</a></p> jurnalstaia@gmail.com (Ali Audah) lp3m.stai.attahdzib@gmail.com (Ali Audah) Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Metode Ijtihad Dan Dinamika Persoalan Di Kalangan Imam Madzhab http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4763 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>There is no corner of space that is not touched by Islamic law, the difference in legal products from the results of ijtihad scholars is a blessing for the people. The problem is; Why do scholars differ on a religious issue? </em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>T</em><em>his study aims to explore the ijtihad method of madhhab scholars used as a tool to analyze all phenomena that occur, so that the roots of these differences are known.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>This research is a type of qualitative research in the form of library research, by exploring the arguments and methods used by scholars who then make legal products that are different from one another.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>The results of this study indicate that differences are mercy, as long as these differences do not cause division, and always bring benefit with logical arguments and can be accepted by common sense, even though there are two types of differences, namely differences in reason (ikhtilaf al-aql), and differences in morals. (ikhtilaf al-akhlak), differences occur due to unequal contextualization, thus requiring different arguments and methods of ijtihad, resulting in unequal products from one another.</em></p> Mohammad Yasir Fauzi, Agus Hermanto, Habib Ismail, Mufid Arsyad Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4763 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Reasuransi Dalam Perspektif Maqashid Al-Syari'ah http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4687 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> Reinsurance is a type of international business. As an international business, reinsurance companies have a global scope and operations. Important issues that need to be discussed in this study include how to conceptually study reinsurance in Indonesia? this problem can be solved through a normative approach, the second problem relates to how is reinsurance in the perspective of maqhasid al-syari'ah? This problem can be solved through a philosophical approach, by looking for a common thread between the concept and practice of reinsurance itself.</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> This research is a library research. The approach in this research uses philosophical-theology by positioning Shari'ah insurance in a theological context and Maqasid al-Shari'ah in a philosophical context. Operationally, the first approach is used to explore the legal basis, technical guidelines to the aspects of implementing Sharia Insurance in Indonesia. The second approach is used to draw a common thread between reinsurance and Maqasid al-Shari'ah, content analysis techniques, namely studying messages in various literatures ranging from vocabulary, sentence patterns and background situations.</em><br><em><strong>Results. </strong></em><em>In terms of investment, insurance companies as the holder of the trust must invest the funds collected and the investment must be carried out in accordance with sharia. In the management of investment funds, both tabarru' and saving, a Wakalah bil Ujrah contract can be used by following the provisions as above, the Mudharabah contract by following the provisions of the Mudharabah fatwa. reinsurance as the subject of the fulfillment of the delegation of responsibility given by the cending company to the second insurer even though in essence there is a Quota Share both profit and risk. The most important aspect lies in the reinsurance agreement itself.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Moh. Ulumuddin, Ahmad Insya' Ansori Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4687 Wed, 09 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Epistemologi Tafsir Aurat Perempuan Menurut Hussein Muhammad http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4648 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>Discussions about the use of headscarves by women seem to force women to cover their genitals completely without seeing the purpose of their use. Through Husein Muhammad's study that there are things that are far more important, namely security for women or men.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This article aims to reveal Husein Muhammad's view of women's genitalia.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>This literature study took various reference about women's genitalia, uses an epistemological interpretation analysis framework to discuss the sources, methods, and validity of interpretations.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>Husein studied women's genitalia based on the Holy Qur'an, Hadith, and </em><em>ijma' 'ulama by applying five methods, namely: first, making the goal of sharia (maqashidusy sharia) as the main basis of interpretation; second, analyzing the socio-historical aspects (as-Siyaqut taarikhil ijtima’i) of the cases in the text; third, analyzing the language and its context (as-Siyaqul orali); fourth, identifying the causal aspect in the text as an analogical way of thinking for the needs of a new social context, now and here (qiyasul ghaib 'alasy syahid), and; fifth, conducting a critical analysis of the sources of hadith transmission (takhirjul asanid) and criticism of matan (naqdul matn). The validity of Husein's interpretation was tested through the application of three theories of truth, &nbsp;namely coherence, correspondence, and pragmatism.</em></p> Ahmad Murtaza MZ, Raisa Zuhra Salsabila Awaluddin, Kiki Rumonda Rezaki Hasibuan Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4648 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:59:11 +0000 Sayyidah Nafisah, Seorang Sufi Ulama Perempuan http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4644 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>Women and gender studies continue to find momentum, but female clerics are almost never studied. This is early evidence of the assumption that women are not significant in the clergy or even the scientific world in general</em>.<strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This paper aims to show that female clerics must be recognized for their clergy and knowledge, rights, roles and existence, both in the scientific context and in the life of the nation and state.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. T</em></strong><em>his paper designed with the literature study method.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>Sayyidah Nafisah is the great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. She is an example that the existence of female clerics has significance in the context of clergy and the scientific world in general. It is time for society to recognize the existence of female clerics who have the rights and obligations to realize the ideals of the nation and state by developing a moderate, tolerant perspective, respecting diversity.</em></p> Rafiqatul Anisah, Asriana Kibtiyah Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4644 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:52:17 +0000 Penerapan Teori Interaksi Simbolik dan Perubahan Sosial di Era Digital http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4633 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>The digital era is the historical period characterized by the existence of digital technology, including communication and social interaction. The unrealized discoveries in the field of technology will also affect social change greatly, and will also have a very serious impact on education indirectly.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This paper will elaborate how the theory of symbolic interaction and the theory of social change as a collaborative approach in carrying-out social research and solutions in dealing with the current digital era. the qualitative approach is used in this research with a critical-analytic method to a social case.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>Library research was conducted to analyze the theory of this social change as the data took from many kinds of literature that contained this theory.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>Explained in this paper the theory of symbolic interaction initiated by George Herbert Mead and later completed by Herbert Blumer. This symbolic interaction theory has three main key concepts: mind, self, society where the symbols of attitudes, behavior, ways of speaking are seen in the interactions that take place. Meanwhile, the theory of social change initiated by Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer is a theory about changes in the structure of society that can affect the patterns of social interaction and something that can build human character towards a better process or vice versa.</em></p> Abdur Rouf Hasbullah, Nur Ahid, Sutrisno Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4633 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:47:47 +0000 Tantangan dan Solusi Pengembangan Ar-Rahn BSI KC Gresik Kartini http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4631 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>The community needs a source of financing that is fast, easy, safe and in accordance with sharia. BSI opens sharia gold pawn services </em>(rahn)<em> with various internal and external challenges.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study aims to examine the real challenges faced by BSI in the development of sharia gold pawning (rahn) and their solutions.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>T</em><em>he researcher used a qualitative research design with a phenomenological study paradigm. The data were collected through unstructured interviews, documentation, and observation. Participants were selected purposively based on the emic perspective. The research data were analyzed using a phenomenological data analysis model.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>In rahn, there is no term "confiscation" by the recipient of the pawn or pawnee (murtahin) of the pawned gold (marhun), there is a rescheduling mechanism for the redemption of marhun, the gold owner who pawns the gold (rahin) has a great opportunity to maintain and preserve the value of the investment inherent in the gold. In the case of debt (marhun bih) being paid or marhun failing to redeem, rahin does not lose because it still receives the remaining proceeds from selling marhun after deducting the value of marhun bih. Unless the market price of gold falls at that time, rahin will not lose, even if the price of gold on the market goes up, because marhun is priced higher than the initial price of buying gold. As a solution, it is time for the promotion of rahn BSI to be oriented towards public education. Education will make the public realize that rahn is the best choice for pawning gold for Muslims who adhere to sharia principles in worship practices, sharia principles in business.</em></p> Raniah Tasya Nugraha, Lilik Rahmawati Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4631 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:39:05 +0000 Pernikahan Penyandang Disabilitas Perspektif Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia Dan Fiqh http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4619 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>Marriage is a lawful and main way to realize and maintain human honor, because by marrying people can avoid behaviors that are forbidden by Allah SWT. As normal human beings in their human instincts, persons with disabilities are also gifted with sexual desire and the desire to continue their offspring in a grand procession called marriage. However, with the various shortcomings that exist in them, they are worried that they will have difficulty in carrying out the life of the ark of their household life.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>For this reason, it is necessary to know how marriages carried out by persons with disabilities are in the eyes of legislation and Islamic law, and this requires legal certainty.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>This literatur study purpose to determine and analyze: Marriage Law for Persons with Mental Disabilities according to Law No. 1 of 1974 and Law no. 8 of 2016. This research method uses library research methods, namely research that collects data and information with the help of various materials contained in the literature.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>The results of this study are that legally, marriages for people with mental disabilities are still legal in terms of harmony and there is no damage or there must be an annulment in terms of the terms of marriage. Because for people with mental disabilities, whether prospective brides or grooms, there are no criteria, they must be healthy and respond to the needs of contemporary life such as human rights, gender, environment, democracy and others.</em></p> Dwi Hidayatul Firdaus, Mufidah Ch, Suwandi Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4619 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:32:38 +0000 Perkembangan Pemanfaatan Teknologi E-Commerce Dalam Sistem Jual Beli Islam http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4616 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>The utilization of internet technology, computers, and or other electronic devices in the buying and selling system is now a new 'trend' in society. However, it should be noted that in muamalah (Islamic trade law), the process of buying and selling transactions was regulated.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study examines the use of e-commerce and its laws in the Islamic buying and selling system.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>Data collection is conducted by library research whose work pattern is qualitative and descriptive. Primary and secondary data sources come from empirical data, namely various literature sources on matters relating to research problems.&nbsp;</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>E-commerce is a form of economic interaction (muamalah) for which there are no concrete provisions in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW so that in the process it must meet the conditions of sale and purchase that have been outlined in Islam. Buying and selling online through e-commerce is defined as a sale and purchase transaction as-salam and al-istishna so that e-commerce transactions are allowed in Islam as long as they avoid things that make them unlawful. In addition, e-commerce transactions are the same as buying and selling transactions in the real world, that is, as long as like is the same as like, then the law is halal.&nbsp;</em></p> Siti Nuraeni, Adilah Hafizha Nur Sabrina Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4616 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 01:23:13 +0000 Kepemimpinan Ibu Nyai Hj. Lathifah Masruh Di Pondok Pesantren At-Tahdzib http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4597 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong> <em>The leadership of Islamic boarding schools has distinctive characteristics according to Islamic religious culture and values. In respect to the teacher (Kiai/Nyai) by the students is a necessity. In addition to the existence of a Kiai as a “leader in the boarding schools, </em><em>the figure of a Nyai in the leadership of boarding schools education” is also very essential. The leader has his own unique and distinctive nature, habits, temperament, character and personality so that behavior By applying dynamic leadership, character education in Islamic boarding schools is increasingly advanced and develops while maintaining religious purity which is the main characteristic of Islamic boarding schools.</em><strong><em><br>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study aims to produce descriptive data related to leadership, strategies, and leadership methods Mrs. Nyai Hj. Lathifah Masruh in developing the At-Tahdzib Islamic boarding school.</em><strong><em><br>Methods. </em></strong><em>The research method used in this research is field research using a qualitative model. The nature of this research is descriptive analysis and uses interview, observation and documentation data collection techniques.</em><strong><em><br>Results. </em></strong><em>The results of this study found that Mrs. Nyai Hj. Lathifah masruh uses and applies strategies and methods that are certainly good, in her strategy she applies the strategies of listening, clarifying, solving problems, and motivating. So that he is a figure who plays a role not only in the At-Tahdzib Islamic boarding school, but also plays an important role in the At-Tahdzib Islamic boarding school. Then in terms of his method “using the method of giving orders, motivating with praise, and giving reprimands, and “having sensitivity or tolerance, as well as his efforts to have leadership qualities “that are in accordance with the example of the leader, namely Rasulullah SAW.</em></p> Nilna Imroatus Sholikhah, Asriana Kibtiyah, Syaiful Alim Copyright (c) 2022 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4597 Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perkembangan Pemikiran Wakaf Asuransi Syariah di Indonesia http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4599 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> The development of the sharia economy opens up opportunities for sharia financial instruments, one of which is sharia insurance to become an object that can be waqf. This prompted DSN-MUI to issue fatwa 106/DSN-MUI/X/2016 concerning waqf insurance benefits and investment benefits.</em><br><em><strong>Aim. </strong>The purpose of writing this paper is to explore the development of Islamic insurance waqf thinking in Indonesia, more precisely to examine some of the literature that has examined Islamic insurance waqf as the object of study.</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> The&nbsp; method&nbsp; used&nbsp; in&nbsp; this&nbsp; research&nbsp; is literature review with&nbsp; a qualitative approach.</em><br><em><strong>Results.</strong> This paper explain that the DSN-MUI fatwa no. 106/DSN-MUI/X/2016 which is the legal basis for the development of waqf thinking using sharia insurance instruments, its legal status is allowed because it refers to the principle of maslahah mursalah. The waqf referred to in the fatwa is an insurance benefit waqf whose provisions are set for no more than 45% of the total benefits obtained, while investment benefits of no more than 1/3 of the maximum amount of wealth may be waqf on investment benefits with a note with the approval of the heirs.</em></p> Eris Munandar Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4599 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 07:18:27 +0000 Partisipasi Masyarakat Nagari Pariangan dalam Pemberdayaan Desa Wisata Alam dan Budaya http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4595 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> Nagari Tuo Pariangan is a village located in Pariangan sub-district, Tanah Datar Regency, West Sumatra Province. In the Minangkabau Tambo it is stated that Nagari Tuo Pariangan is the oldest village in Minang land as well as the forerunner to the establishment of other villages in West Sumatra. Their source of income is from farming and gardening and the community is quite prosperous and part of the population migrates. With the natural wealth of the people of Nagari Tuo Pariangan, they also empower their area as a leading tourism and culture, this is proven by the 2014 statistical increase of 511 foreign tourists, 5651 archipelago, 2015, 625 foreign tourists; 7253 archipelago, 2016 936 foreign countries, 17,836 archipelago. This development shows that the level of community participation in Nagari Tuo Pariangan has increased participation and has also experienced developments in other sectors, such as the development sector of economic life, and the social sector in the community. From a level that only relies on rice fields and plantations, it has increased with an increase in the tourism sector.</em><br><em><strong>Aim. </strong>Describe the level of participation of the Nagari Parianagan Community in Empowerment as a Natural and Cultural Tourism Village.</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> To conduct this research, the methodology used is qualitative by exploring all sources of library data for research. </em><br><strong><em>Results.</em></strong><em>The results of the study show that the level of community participation in Nagari Tuo Pariangan has increased, especially in the form of partnerships, resulting in increased community empowerment in the Natural and Cultural Tourism Village.</em></p> Silvia Desliani, Mohammad Fajar Amertha Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4595 Wed, 29 Dec 2021 17:52:47 +0000 Komitmen Abu Bakar dalam Peristiwa Hijrah Nabi Muhammad SAW. dari Makkah ke Madinah Tahun 622M http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4563 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> Member commitment is one of the key variables in determining the success of the organization. The value of members' commitment to the organization becomes a real need for da'wah organizations that carry the mission of preaching Islamic values ​​in an effort to build a good society. This study aims to examine the behavior of Abu Bakr's commitment in the event of the Prophet's migration to Medina in 622M.</em><br><em><strong>Aim. </strong>Exploring the behavioral form of Abu Bakr's commitment in carrying out the task of accompanying the Prophet when he migrated to Medina. As a reference for da'wah institutions in measuring the commitment of members and the basis for forming organizational commitment to members of their da'wah&nbsp;</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> The research uses a descriptive qualitative approach and library research.</em><br><em><strong>Results.</strong> Abu Bakr has implemented organizational commitment behavior that is able to make an important contribution to the journey of the existence and future of Islamic da'wah in the long term. Abu Bakr showed commitment to Islamic organizations in the form of accepting the Hijrah decision set by the Prophet, giving all the resources he had to make the Prophet's migration mission successful to Medina, and having the loyalty to continue to accompany the Prophet in whatever problem conditions/ situations the organization faced until the goal. Organization was achieved. The Prophet arrived safely in Medina. </em></p> Eric Dwi Rufianto Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4563 Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:51:21 +0000 Behavior Analysis Of Chilli Traders: A Review Of Islamic Economic Sociology http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4538 <p><strong>Latar Belakang. </strong>Kegiatan ekonomi tidak berdiri sendiri, tetapi banyak dipengaruhi oleh perilaku sosial yang mengelilingi terjadinya aksi ekonomi. Perhitungan ekonomi tanpa disadari mempengaruhi tindakan sosial. Demikian juga, tindakan ekonomi sering dipengaruhi oleh pengaturan sosial di mana tindakan ekonomi dilakukan. Sosiologi Ekonomi Islam adalah studi yang mempelajari hubungan antara masyarakat di mana interaksi sosial dan ekonomi terjadi. <strong><br>Tujuan. </strong>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku para pedagang cabai di pasar utama Pare dan perilaku para pedagang cabai di pasar utama Pare dalam hal sosiologi ekonomi Islam.<strong><br>Metode. </strong>Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi.<strong><br>Hasil. </strong>Perilaku pedagang tidak terpisahkan dari faktor untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidup, mulai dari cara mendapatkan barang dagangan kemudian menjualnya. Cabai dijual dengan mencampur cabai yang baik dengan yang busuk, sehingga berat timbangan meningkat, perawatan harga untuk konsumen juga rata-rata tidak sama tergantung pada siapa pembelinya, jika pembeli terlihat dari luar kota, harga dinaikkan. Kebersihan pasar yang tidak dijaga menyebabkan bau menyengat, cabai dikemas dalam kantong plastik, sehingga konsumen tidak diberi memiliki kesempatan untuk melihat dengan bebas. Dipandang dari sosiologi ekonomi Islam, perilaku pedagang cabai di pasar utama Pare menunjukkan interaksi dengan beberapa pihak, termasuk: hubungan dengan petani, pembeli, pemerintah, dengan sesama pedagang cabai, dan hubungan dengan masyarakat sekitar.</p> Naning Fatmawatie Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4538 Tue, 28 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analisis Pengembangan Pariwisata Halal Negeri Di Atas Awan Bukit Nato Kabupaten Toraja Utara http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4513 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> The majority of the Toraja people embrace Christianity, some are Muslim and believe in animism or commonly called Alu To Dolok. Halal tourism, both in terms of guaranteeing halal products and in terms of places of worship, is needed to increase Muslim tourists in North Toraja Regency.</em><br><em><strong>Aim. </strong>This study aims to describe the analysis related to the development of halal tourism in the country above the clouds of Nato Hills, North Toraja Regency, in providing religious services and facilities for Muslim tourists.</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> The method used in this study is a qualitative method, the characteristic of this research lies in the purpose of describing a case by understanding the meaning and symptoms, so that the data analysis used is descriptive analytical.</em><br><strong><em>Results.</em> </strong><em>The results showed that the development of halal tourism in North Toraja Regency had experienced rejection due to public misunderstandings regarding the word halal, so the term halal tourism was replaced with Muslim-friendly tourism. The development of domestic halal tourism above the cloud has become a concern for the government, but the budget is limited so that the development of halal tourism is not running effectively and efficiently.</em></p> Trisno Wardy Putra Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4513 Thu, 16 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Penerapan Batas Usia Pernikahan Di Dunia Islam: Review Literature http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4531 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong><em>The application of Islamic family law has differences in Islamic countries. The differences stem from the interpretation and understanding of the relationship between Islam and the state (din wa siyasah), the ideological basis of the state, the Islamic style of the mainstream Muslim population, traditions and socio-cultural realities, and their respective historical backgrounds.</em><strong><br><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This library research article review uses a philosophical and sociological approach in each country which sets the minimum age limit for marriage to examines the comparison of Islamic family law in the Islamic world.</em><strong><br><em>Results. </em></strong><em>The existence of Islamic family law in the world as positive law has different forms. There are three categories of countries based on the adopted family law; 1) Countries that apply traditional family law. Countries that fall into this category are Saudi Arabia. Yemen, Kuwait, Afghanistan, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sinegal, Somalia. 2) Countries that apply secular family law. Included in this category are Turkey, Albania, Tanzania, the Muslim minority of the Philippines. 3) Countries that implement the updated family law. countries in the category of carrying out substantive reforms and or regulatory reforms. The reform of Islamic family law was carried out for the first time in Turkey, followed by Lebanon and Egypt, Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia.</em></p> Agus Hermanto, Habib Ismail, Rahmat Rahmat, Mufid Arsyad Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4531 Tue, 14 Dec 2021 07:25:27 +0000 Pembagian Waris Dengan Cara Bergilir Dalam Perspektif Kompilasi Hukum Islam http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4494 <p><em><strong>Background.</strong> There is division of inheritance by way of rotation. The</em><br><em>procedures for the implementation of inheritance by rotation need to</em><br><em>examining from the Compilation of Islamic Law.</em><br><em><strong>Aim.</strong> This study aims to the provisions of the Compilation of Islamic</em><br><em>Law in regulating the problems of inheritance and it implementation.</em><br><em><strong>Methods.</strong> The method used in this research is field research with a</em><br><em>qualitative approach.</em><br><em><strong>Results.</strong> The procedure for implementing inheritance at the Attahdzib</em><br><em>Islamic Boarding School is done by dividing the proceeds from the</em><br><em>inheritance in rotation between one heir and another. Implementation in</em><br><em>this way is in accordance with the Compilation of Islamic Law article</em><br><em>183, namely the distribution of the inheritance based on the agreement</em><br><em>of the heirs after the heirs know their respective shares.</em></p> Dzin Nun Naachy Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4494 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 11:56:04 +0000 Implementation Of Entrepreneurship Education At Pondok Pesantren At-Tahdzib Jombang East Java Indonesia http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4455 <p><strong><em>Latar Belakang. </em></strong><em>Di tengah persaingan ekonomi dunia, lembaga pendidikan seperti Pesantren perlu menerapkan pendidikan kewirausahaan agar lulusannya mandiri dan memiliki wawasan kewirausahaan, serta dapat bersaing dan berdakwah melalui wirausaha di masyarakat. Selanjutnya peneliti merumuskan bagaimana proses pelaksanaannya, apa saja faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam penerapannya dan apa implikasi penerapan pendidikan kewirausahaan dalam membina kemandirian di Pondok Pesantren At Tahdzib Jombang Jawa Timur Indonesia.</em><strong><br><em>Tujuan. </em></strong><em>Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh ketertarikan peneliti dalam pelaksanaan pendidikan kewirausahaan di pondok pesantren. Pendidikan kewirausahaan di pondok pesantren dianggap sebagai bagian penting dari proses pembangunan nasional yang turut menentukan kemajuan bangsa.</em><strong><br><em>Metode. </em></strong><em>Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan latar belakang Pondok Pesantren At Tahdzib. Peneliti menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi sebagai bahan utama, dan teknik analisis data dengan mereduksi data, menampilkan data, dan menarik kesimpulan. Pengecekan keabsahan data menggunakan teknik triangulasi.</em><strong><br><em>Hasil. </em></strong><em>Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam pelaksanaan pendidikan kewirausahaan dilakukan (a) melaksanakan visi, misi, dan program berdasarkan manfaat bagi semua elemen yang terlibat, santri, pesantren dan mitra atau klien (b) menggunakan metode peer tutorial, menjadikan siswa senior sebagai mentor pendidikan. kewirausahaan (c) menumbuhkan kepedulian dan pemberdayaan bawahan secara adil dengan memperhatikan kebutuhan bawahan baik yang berkaitan dengan aspek materil maupun psikologis tugas dan keikhlasan.</em></p> Imam Turmudzi Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4455 Sat, 02 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Hybrid Contract Dalam Perspektif Maqhosid Al-Syari’ah Jasser Auda http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4410 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>The development of the Islamic finance industry and the demands of modern financial transactions encourage innovation in contracts to respond to the increasingly complex needs of society.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study aims to determine the relevance of the Hybrid Contract concept with </em>Maqashid al-Shari’ah<em> introduced by </em>Jasser Auda<em>, as well as to explain how the law applies to Hybrid Contracts in the modern financial industry.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>The research uses a qualitative approach, which includes three stages, namely description, formulation and interpretation.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>Hybrid Contract is a collection of several contracts contained in a contract that is agreed upon by both parties, both jointly and reciprocally, so that all legal consequences of the collected contracts and all rights and obligations arising from it are seen as a single entity that cannot be changed and separated. DSN-MUI in an effort to combine contracts took two models, namely multiple contracts </em>(mujtami’ah)<em> and multiple contracts </em>(muta’addidah)<em>. Faced with </em>Maqashid al-Shari’ah Jasser Auda<em>, Hybrid Contracts are relevant in an effort to validate all cognition, holism, multi-dimensionality and intent.</em></p> Ahmad Insya Ansori, Moh. Ulumuddin Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4410 Wed, 30 Jun 2021 10:00:27 +0000 Jual Beli Dengan Sistem Dropshipping Dalam Kajian Hadist http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4258 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>Dropshipping is a tangible form of the development of buying and selling mechanisms that follow technological developments.</em> <em>The Dropshipping mechanism makes it easy for people who want to start entrepreneurship, even without capital, the mechanism is simple, only as a third party who acts as a liaison, as well as a mechanism that does not require the seller to stock up on goods first like the Reseller mechanism, encouraging public interest to use the mechanism.</em> <em>even well-known online buying and selling sites include this mechanism.</em> <em>Then how is this buying and selling mechanism in Islamic law?, with the hadith that prohibits buying and selling goods that do not exist</em>.</p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This article examines the Dropshipping mechanism in the perspective of Hadith</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>This research is a qualitative library research</em>.</p> <p><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>Hadith explicitly prohibits buying and selling of goods that are not owned, but it is different from buying and selling orders or greetings. The dropshipping buying and selling mechanism is actually a sale and purchase of greetings, but with a slightly different mechanism. This mechanism is actually not in the category of selling something that is not owned, but there must be a clear contract between the dropshipper and the supplier.</em></p> Muhammad Aziz Zakiruddin Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4258 Tue, 29 Jun 2021 09:02:26 +0000 Pricing in Tegalgubug Market an Islamic Perspective http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4353 <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Latar Belakang. </em></strong><em>P</em><em>enentuan </em><em>harga barang saling menjatuhkan harga </em><em>antar para penjual demi </em><em>berebut pembeli</em>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Tujuan. </em></strong><em>Studi bertujuan untuk mengetahui hukum </em><em>dari pen</em><em>entuan harga di </em><em>Pasar </em><em>Tegalgubug Kecamatan Arjawinangun Kabupaten Cirebon</em><em>, Jawa Barat, Indonesia</em><em>.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Metode. </em></strong><em>Studi merupakan kajian literatur dan lapangan dengan meng</em><em>g</em><em>unakan tinjauan </em><em>hukum ekonomi </em><em>Islam dalam membaca fenomena yang terjadi di Pasar </em><em>T</em><em>egalgubug.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Hasil. </em></strong><em>Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat dua pendapat hukum yang berbeda dalam menilai praktik penetapan harga yang terjadi di Tegalgubug menurut perspektif Islam yaitu: Pertama, mereka yang membolehkan penentuan harga beralasan bahwa hal tersebut untuk menjaga kestabilan harga pasar. Kedua, mereka yang melarang adanya penentuan harga yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah atau otoritas lain karena pedaganglah yang lebih berhak untuk menentukan harga.</em></p> Syukron Syukron, Muhammad Nabhani Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4353 Tue, 29 Jun 2021 08:55:50 +0000 Manajemen Risiko Pembiayaan Murabahah Perbankan Syariah http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4305 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>Islamic banking faces the challenges of developing an increasingly complex and risky external and internal situation in business. Islamic banking needs to implement risk management, which will have an impact on both banks and banking supervisory authorities.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This research was conducted to determine how the an operational steps of </em>Murabahah<em> financing, to find out the obstacles associated with </em>Murabahah<em> financing and how the risk management of Islamic banking was in overcoming the constraints that occurred both internal or external constraints on </em>Murabahah<em> financing. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>This research uses a normative legal research method, which is carried out by conducting library research on a various relevant legal materials, both through a primary legal materials, which are obtained from a number of laws and regulations.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>The results of this study indicate that </em>Murabahah<em> financing in Islamic banking is the financing that is most in demand by the public with a low indene of a risks, however, the risks management is still used to further minimize the occurrence of a greater risks.</em></p> Hibatur Rohmaniyah, Alvan Fathony Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4305 Tue, 29 Jun 2021 08:51:43 +0000 Strategi Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Tanah Wakaf Desa Sumpang Mango Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4359 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>The management of </em>waqf<em> in Sumpang Mango village is the same as the management of </em>waqf<em> in general Indonesia. The </em>waqf<em> in this village is accommodated by the KUA of Pitu Riawa and the village government of Sumpang Mango. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study aims to examine and determine the strategic description of the management and utilization of </em>waqf<em> land in the village of Sumpang Mango. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>The method used in this research is field research with a qualitative approach. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>The results obtained from this research are that the management of </em>waqf<em> in Sumpang Mango village is already semi-professional and administrative issues are quite good. What needs to be emphasized is the socialization of </em>waqf<em> from the KUA Pitu Riawa or other parties.</em></p> Trisno Wardy Putra, Nur Hikmah Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4359 Tue, 29 Jun 2021 08:47:59 +0000 Korupsi dalam perspektif Islam dan budaya hukum http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4414 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>The practice of corruption in Indonesia is like an “illegal inheritance” without a will. Law enforcement and its enforcement are constantly evolving and adapting the actions, or types of corruption crimes that exist in society. The majority of corruptors are Muslims. Calculatively, Muslims are bigger than non-Muslims who are involved in corruption.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>This study aims to reflect eclectically on the problem of corruption in Indonesia from the perspective of Islam and legal culture. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>This research is a literature study (library research). Research data comes from books, scientific articles, journals, magazines and other sources relevant to the object of discussion. The research data were analyzed and conclusions were drawn descriptively-analytically. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>Islam expressly condemns and curses thieves and looters of other people's property, except for the corrupt. The legal culture shows that corruption is influenced by individual and collective needs and demands, and is also supported by the socio-cultural environment that inherits the tradition of corruption. The government prioritizes the social, economic and political economic status of corruptors. The internal legal culture of law enforcement does not support resolving corruption in court proceedings.</em></p> Sutrisno Sutrisno, Choirul Anam Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4414 Tue, 29 Jun 2021 08:32:45 +0000 Lazisnu Dan Penanggulangan COVID 19; Impelemntasi Fatwa MUI Nomor 23 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pemanfaatan Zakat Infak Shadaqah http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4361 <p><strong><em>Background. </em></strong><em>The emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic and the presence of this </em>fatwa<em> has become a phenomenon appearing recently. If all this time research on the use of </em>zakat<em> in normal situations, then a research is needed to see how the realization and implementation of the </em>fatwa <em>of MUI regarding the use of assets during the Covid-19 pandemic</em>.</p> <p><strong><em>Aim. </em></strong><em>Describing of implementation of </em>fatwa<em> MUI Number 23 year of 2020 about utilizing of </em>zakat<em>, </em>infaq<em> and </em>shadaqah<em> to cope with impact of the spread Covid-19</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods. </em></strong><em>This research was a field research with a phenomenological approach. This research was a qualitative research using descriptive analysis of the MUI Fatwa Number 23 of 2020 and its implementation in </em>LazisNU<em>, Metro City.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results. </em></strong><em>The result of this research was that the implementation of the MUI </em>fatwa<em> Number 23 of 2020 concerning the use of </em>zakat<em>, </em>infaq<em> and </em>shadaqah<em> was carried out using the fatwa determination methodology with various legal considerations and based on clear legal aspects. As for the Covid-19 Outbreak management implemented by </em>LazisNU<em>, Metro City in the first two important aspects, fatwas was implemented conceptually through several emergency response programs implemented by the Covid-19 outbreak response officer unit. Second, the </em>fatwa<em> was implemented constructively, where the </em>fatwa<em> still paid attention to the social aspects of society by sorting out two aspects, including the distribution of </em>zakat<em> specifically for Moeslim communities affected by Covid-19 while for the wider non-Moeslim community affected by Covid-19, it was taken from </em>infaq<em>,</em> shadaqah<em> and other donations funds.</em></p> Habib Ismail, Ari Rohmawati, Rakhmat Rakhmat, Niswatin Nurul Hidayati Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4361 Sat, 12 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Become A Professional Da’i In The Era Of Digital Revolution 4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4304 <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Latar Belakang. </em></strong><em>P</em><em>engembangan </em>da’wah <em>di era Revolusi Digital 4.0 tidak lagi menggunakan metode kuliah tetapi berbasis internet (</em>e-da’wah<em>). </em>Da’i<em> perlu merespons dengan meningkatkan kompetensi, sehingga dapat melaksanakan peran dengan benar dan tidak dapat digantikan oleh teknologi. Formulasi kompetensi berkhotbah yang ada masih didasarkan pada asumsi Jenderal Da’wah tanpa memasukkan konteks era digital. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Tujuan. </em></strong><em>M</em><em>engembangkan konsep kompetensi </em>Da’i<em> dalam asumsi era digital. Untuk menjadi referensi bagi </em>Da’i<em> atau lembaga Da’wah dalam meningkatkan kualitas </em>Da’i.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Metode. </em></strong><em>Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deduktif dan penelitian </em><em>k</em><em>epustakaan yang menggunakan konsep kompetensi </em>Da’i<em> yang ada untuk dioperasionalkan di era 4.0.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Hasil. </em></strong><em>A</em><em>da kebutuhan untuk penyesuaian dengan kompetensi dasar </em>Da’i<em> dengan karakter era digital dalam aspek spiritualitas, moralitas, penguasaan ilmu agama, ilmu sosial, kompetensi pengambilan data, keterampilan teknis menggunakan perangkat digital </em><em>a</em><em>tau kemampuan untuk berkolaborasi dengan para ahli </em><em>teknologi informasi </em><em>untuk membuat alat e-da’wah.</em></p> Alan Surya, Fasha Umh Rizky Copyright (c) 2021 At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Muamalah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/4304 Sat, 12 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000