Faktor Dasar Dan Ajar Dalam Hubungannya Dengan Peran Ibu Terhadap Pendidikan Anak

  • Didik Supriyanto Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah NU Al-Hikmah

Abstract

This research focused on the problem whether the Holy Qur'an contains a concept the basic and the instructive relating to the process of children’s education. As one of the Holy Books revaluated to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the Holy Qur'an is the unquestionable truth to guide the human beings in the world and the hereafter.

To explore the assumption on the two concepts in the Holy Qur'an, it is applied three models of approach: descriptive, comparative and analysis approach. And the will cover the related Qur'anic verses with the main discussion, also present some interpretations of the Qur'anic passages taken from the references of mufaseers and the Prophet’s traditions (al-hadith). It also performs some related theories from the legible Muslim analysts. All these process will arrive at the scientific inference.

Every man naturally disposed the basic factor should be developed because he is the agent of the world. The basic will be disappeared if it is not continually stimulated or if it puts aside the instructive factor. A conclusion of the problem is that the development of the children in the Holy Qur'an runs to the law of disposition. It means that the man naturally has the basic and the innate. The basic will become real on the surface if it is encouraged by he inner or outer senses.

The implementation of education believes that the man (the children) owns the basic potentially and it is developed through teaching or education process.

References

al-Abrasyi, Muhammad Athiyah (t.t.). al-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah
Abu al-‘Ainain, ‘Ali Khalil (1980). Falsafah al-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah Fi al-Qur'an al-Karim, Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, Beirut
Abud, ‘Abd al-Ghani (1977). Fi al-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah, Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, Qahirah
Abu Dawud, Sunan Abi Dawud, Juz I
Abu Muhammad ‘Ali bin Ahmad bin Hazm (1353 H), al-Muhalla, Jil. XI, al- Muniriyah, Mesir
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (t.t.). Musnad al-Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Jilid I-II, Dar Shadar, Beirut
Ali Nashif, al-Syekh Manshur (t.t.), al-Taj al-Jami’ li al-Wushul fi Ahadits al-Rasul Saw,. Jilid IV, Isa al-Bab al-Halabi Wa Syirkah, Mesir
al-Alusi, Muhammad (1983). Ruh al-Ma’ani Fi Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Azim Wa al-Sab’i al-Matsani, Jilid VII; IX; XIII; XVI, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut
Anastasi, Anne (1958). Differential Psychology, The Macmillan Company, Amerika
al-Ashfihani, al-Raghib (1972). Mu’jam Mufrodat al-Faz al-Qur'an, Dar al-Katib al- ‘Arabi
al-Baghdadi, Mahmud al-Alusi (1983). Ruh al-Ma’ani, Jilid I, al-Muniriyah, Beirut
Barnadib, Sutari Imam (1984). Pengantar Ilmu Pendidikan Sistematis, FIP IKIP, Yogyakarta
Dasuqi, Umar (1949). Tarikh Adab Hadits, Juz II Dar al-Kutub, Libanon
al-Ghazali (1975). Ihya ‘Ulum al-Din, Jilid III, Dar Al- Fikr, Beirut
Hasyimi, Ahmad (t.t.). Mukhtar al-Hadits an-Nabawiyah wa-al-Hikam al-Muhammadiyah, Isa al-Babi, Kairo, hlm. 112
Ibn Majah (t.t.). Sunan Ibn Majah, al-Mushthafa, Jilid I, al-Tazkiyah, Mesir
Ismail bin Katsir (1966). Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Azim, Jilid VII, Dar al-Andalus, Beirut
Jalal, ‘Abd al-Fattah (1977). Min al-Wushul al-Tarbiyah Fi al-Islam, al-Markas al-Duali li al-Ta’alim al-Wazifi li al-Kibar fi al-‘Alam al-‘Arabi, Mesir
al-Jamaly, Muhammad Fadlil (t.t.). al-Falsafah al-Tarbiyah Fi al-Qur`an, Dar al-Katib al-Jadid
al-Jurani, Abd al-Salam bin Taimiyah (1974), al-Muntaqa Min Akhbar al-Mushthafa Saw. Jilid I, Dar al- Fikr, Beirut
Khan, Majid (1967). Raid al-Thullab, Dar al-‘Ilm li al-Malayin, Beirut
Langeveld, M.J. (1978). Ilmu Jiwa Perkembangan, Jemmars, Bandung
Langgulung, Hasan (1983). Teori-Teori Kesehatan Mental, Pustaka Huda, Kajang
Maghniyah, Muhammad Jawad (1970). al-Tafsir al-Kasyif, Jilid I; V; XV, Dar al-Malayin, Beirut
Makhluf, Husein Muhammad (1975). Kalimat al-Qur’an, Tafsir Wa Bayan, Dar al- Fikr, Kairo
al-Manawi, Muhammad al-Mad’u Bi ‘Abd. al-Rauf (1938). Faidl al-Qadir Syarh al-Jami’ al- Shaghir, Jil. VI, Mushthafa Muhammad, Mesir
al-Maraghi, Ahmad Musthfa (1966). Tafsir al-Maraghi, Jilid I; IX; XIV; XVIII; XXX, Mushthafa al- Babi al-Halabi, Mesir
Mursi, Muhammad Munir (1997). al-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah Ushuluha Wa Tathowwuruha fi al-Bilal al-‘Arabiyah, ‘Alam al-Kutub, Kairo
Muslim (t.t.). Shahih Muslim, Jilid II, Sulaiman Mar’i, Singapura
Mutahhari, Murtadha (1984). Perspektif al-Qur'an tentang Manusia dan Agama, Mizan, Bandung
al-Nawawi, Yahya bin Syarif al-Din (135 H). Matn al-Arba’in al-Nawawiyah, Mushthafa al-Babi al-Halabi, Mesir
al-Nasa'i, Abi Abd al-Rahman bin Syu’aib (1964). Sunan al-Nasai, Jilid VI, Mushthafa al-Babi al-Halabi Wa Auladuh, Mesir
Nasution, Amir Hamzah dan Oejeng S. Gana (1956). Ilmu Jiwa Kanak-kanak, Jilid I, Ganaco NV, Bandung
Poerbakawatja, Soegarda (1976). Ensiklopedi Pendidikan, Gunung Agung, Jakarta
Poerwadarminta, W.J.S. (1976). Kamus Umum Indonesia, Balai Pustaka, Jakarta
Qahar, Yahya (1983). Filsafat dan Tujuan Pendidikan Nasional Menurut Konsep Islam, Islam dan Pendidikan Nasional, Lembaga Penelitian IAIN Jakarta, Jakarta
al-Qasimi, Muhammad Jamal al-Din (1914). Mahasin al-Takwil, X, Isa al-Babi al- Halabi, Mesir
al-Qattan, Manna’ (1974). Mabahits Fi Ulum al-Qur’an, Mansyurat, Beirut
al-Qurthubi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Anshari (t.t). al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an, Jilid VII; X; XX
Quthb, Sayyid (1971). Fi Zhilal al-Qur’an, Jilid I; XIV; XVIII; XXX, Dar Ihya al-Turats al-‘Arabi, Beirut
el-Quussy, Abdul ‘Aziz (1974). Pokok-Pokok Kesehatan Jiwa/Mental, Jilid I, terj. Zakiyah Daradjat, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta
Sarwono, Sarlito Wirawan (1978). Berkenalan dengan Aliran-aliran dan Tokoh-tokoh Psikologi, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta
Shahih Muslim bi Syarh al-Nawawi, Jilid XVI, (t.t.), Mathba’ah al-Mishriyah Wa Maktabatuha, Mesir
Shihab, Quraish. “Arti Khalaqa dan al-Insan”, Amanah, No. 30, 20 Agustus – 10 September 1987, hlm. 85
Soejono, Ag. (1978). Aliran-aliran Baru dalam Pendidikan, Jilid I, Ilmu Bandung
Sulaiman, Fathiyah Hasan (1963). al-Mazhab al-Tarbawi ‘Inda al-Ghazali, Nahdhah, Kairo
Suryabrata, Sumadi (1984). Psikologi Pendidikan, Rajawali, Jakarta
al-Suyuthi, Jalal al-Din ‘abd al-Rahman bin Abi Bakr (1966). al-Jami’ al-Shaghir fi Ahadits al-Basyir al- Nazir, Juz I, Dar Al-Katib al-‘Arabi, Kairo
al-Syaibany, Omar Muhammad al-Toumy (1979). Falsafah Pendidikan Islam, terj. Hasan Langgulung, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta
Taher, A. Mursal H.M. dkk. (1977). Kamus Ilmu Jiwa dan Pendidikan, al-Ma’arif, Bandung
al-Thabathaba'i, Muhammad Husein (1972). al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an, Jilid XIII, Muassasah al-‘Alami, Beirut
Thompson, Merritt M. (1951). The History Of Education, Barnes & Noble Inc., New York
al-Turmudzi (1978). Sunan al-Turmudzi, Jilid II-III, Dar Al-Fikr, Beirut
‘Ulwan, ‘Abd Allah (1981). Tarbiyah al-Aulad, Jilid I, Dar al-Salam, Beirut
Witherington, H. Carl (1950). Educational Psychology, Ginn and Company, New York
Yayasan Penyelenggara Penterjemah/Pentafsir al-Qur'an (1965), Al-Qur'an dan Terjemahnya, Jamunu, Jakarta
Published
2016-08-26
How to Cite
Supriyanto, D. (2016). Faktor Dasar Dan Ajar Dalam Hubungannya Dengan Peran Ibu Terhadap Pendidikan Anak. At-Tahdzib: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Muamalah, 3(2), 48-56. Retrieved from http://ejournal.kopertais4.or.id/mataraman/index.php/tahdzib/article/view/2087
Section
Articles