Publication decision
Editors are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published.
The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by legal requirements that would apply regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Fair play
The editors at all times evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy of the authors.
Editors and any editorial staff should not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Disclosures and conflicts of interest.
Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript should not be used in the editor's research without the written consent of the authors.

Contribution of Reviewer Duties to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communication with authors, may also assist authors in improving the paper.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that his/her direct review is not possible should inform the editor and request permission from the review process.
Any manuscripts received for review should be treated as confidential documents. They should not be shown or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Objectivity Standard
The review should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of authors is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Acknowledgment of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published works that the authors have not cited. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. Reviewers should also bring to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and other published papers of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review should be confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts with a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or any other relationship or connection with any author, company, or institution connected with the paper.


Authors of original research reports must present an accurate account of the work done and an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be accurately represented in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. False or deliberately inaccurate statements constitute unethical and unacceptable behavior.
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors must ensure that they have written original work throughout, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others, these have been appropriately cited or quoted.
Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
An author should not commonly publish a manuscript describing the same research in multiple major journals or publications. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals simultaneously constitutes unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.
Acknowledgment of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite influential publications in determining the nature of the reported work.
Paper Authorship
Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported research. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be recognized or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the paper's final version and submitted it for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors must disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work
When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his or her self-published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.