Peran Kepemimpinan Visioner dalam Menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean (MEA)

  • ABDUL MUIN STAI Al-Khairat Pamekasan
Keywords: Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA), Visi, Kepemimpinan Visioner

Abstract

ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is the largest integration effort applied in developing countries in Southeast Asia. By the implementation of MEA, It will create a free market with the movement of goods, services, foreign investment, labor and freer movement which is covers approximately 590 million people. By the implementation of the free market, then the market will work without some distortion. A logical consequence of these condition is high competitiveness and challenge to be able to compete. Under these conditions, the ideal leader is needed to achieve the vision and mission of the nation and constantly competitive in the competition that will happen. This study will be analyze and assessed the benefits of visionary leadership to face MEA 2015. The type of visionary leadership is important because this leadership type is emphasized that a leader must develop social architecture and to encourage people to be able to cooperate and raced in creating their creativity. Thus, the visionary leadership is expected to be a solution for the leaders in this country to be able to stay ahead in the competition and could lead this nation into a production base not to be a market base.  Abstrak Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA) merupakan upaya integrasi terbesar yang diterapkan di negara berkembang di kawasan Asia Tenggara. Dengan diterapkannya MEA, akan tercipta pasar bebas dengan pergerakan barang, jasa, investasi asing, tenaga kerja serta pergerakan yang menjadi lebih bebas yang meliputi sekitar 590 juta orang. Dengan diterapkannya pasar bebas tersebut, maka pasar akan bekerja tanpa adanya distorsi. Konsekuensi logis yang muncul adalah terciptanya daya saing dan tantangan yang tinggi untuk dapat berkompetisi. Dengan kondisi demikian, pemimpin yang ideal sangat dibutuhkan untuk dapat meraih visi misi bangsa dan tetap kompetitif dalam persaingan yang akan terjadi. Dalam penelitian ini akan dianalisa dan dikaji manfaat dari tipe kepemimpinan visioner dalam menghadapi MEA 2015. Tipe Kepemimpinan visioner menjadi penting karena dalam tipe kepemimpinan ini ditekankan bahwa seorang pemimpin harus mengembangkan arsitektur sosial dan mendorong orang-orang untuk dapat bekerjasama dan berpacu dalam menciptakan kreativitas mereka. Sehingga, tipe kepemimpinan visioner diharapkan dapat menjadi solusi bagi para pemimpin di negeri ini untuk dapat tetap unggul dalam persaingan yang semakin ketat serta dapat mendorong bangsa ini menjadi production base bukan menjadi market base.  

References

Ahmad, A, Chopra O. P., 2004, Passion to Win. New Delhi. Excel Books.
ASEAN, 2007, ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint. ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta.
Austria, M. S. 2006, ASEAN’s extra regional linkages: Implications for an East Asian community. In Lee, P. P., Tham, S. Y. & Yu, G. (Eds.). Emerging East Asian community: Economic and security.
issues (, 286–310). Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Bass, B. M. 1985. Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: Free Press.
Berson, Y., et al. T , 2001.he Relationship Between Vision Strength, Leadership Style, and Contet. The Leadership Quarterly.
Bruch, H., Shamir, B., Eilam-Shamir, G. 2007. Managing Meanings in Times of Crisis and Recovery: CEO Prevention-Oriented Leadership in R. Hooijberg, J.G. Hunt, J. Antonakis, K. Boal, & N. Lane (eds), Being There Even When You Are Not: Leadeing Through Strategy, Structures, and Systems (, 131-158). Oxford: JAI Press.
Brymen, A. 1992. Charisma & Leadership in Organizations. London: Sage
Collins, J. Good to Great, 2001. Why Some Companies Make The Leap… and Others Don’t. New York. Harper Business.
Conger, J. A., Kanungo, R. N., Toward A Behavioral Theory of Charismatic Leadership in Organizational Settings. Accademy of Management Journal , 1987.
Covey, S. R. 1991. Principal of Centered Leadership. New York. Summit Books.
Dee, Philippa. Services Liberalization Towards and ASEAN Economic Community. ERIA Research Project Report. 2011.
De Dios, L. “Non-tariff barriers to trade in the ASEAN priority goods sectors”. In Denis Hew (editor) Brick by Brick: The Building of an ASEAN Economic Community. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2007
Dwivedi, R. S. Visionary Leadership: A Survey of Literature and Case Study of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam at DRDL. The Journal of Business Perspective. Vol. 10 No.3 , 2006.
Fiol, C. M., Harris, D., House, R. J. Charismatic Leadership: Strategies for Effecting Social Change. The Leadership Quarterly. 10 , 1999.
Kotter, J. P. Leading Change. Boston. Business Schol Press. , 1996.
Senge, Peter M. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of The Learning Organization. New York. Currency Doubleday. , 1991.
Shamir, B., House, R. J., Arthur, M. B. The Motivational Effects of Charismatic Leadership: A Self-concept Based Theory. Organizational Science. 4 , 1993.
Spreier, S. W., Fontaine, M. H., Malloy, R. L. Leadership Run Amok: The Destruuctive Potential of Overachievers. Harvard Business Review. June pp 2006.
Stam, D. A., Knippenberg, D. V., Wisse, B. The Role of Regulatory Fit in Visionary Leadership. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 2010.
Tellis, G. J. Disruptive Technoogy or Visionary Leadership?. Journal of Product Innovation Management. No. 23 , 2006.
Published
2017-03-03
How to Cite
MUIN, A. (2017, March 3). Peran Kepemimpinan Visioner dalam Menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean (MEA). FIKROTUNA, 4(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32806/jf.v4i2.2744
Section
Articles